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By selective enrichment, we isolated a bacterium that can use β-phenylalanine as a sole nitrogen source. It was identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing as a strain of Variovorax paradoxus. Enzyme assays revealed an aminotransferase activity. Partial genome sequencing and screening of a cosmid DNA library resulted in the identification of a 1,302-bp(More)
The highly thermostable esterase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum calidifontis VA1 (PestE) shows high enantioselectivity (E > 100) in the kinetic resolution of racemic chiral carboxylic acids, but little selectivity towards acetates of tertiary alcohols (E = 2-4). To explain these unique properties, its crystal structure has been determined(More)
All ways lead to Rome? Computer modeling and kinetic measurements identified a distinct residue in Phe/Tyr ammonia lyases (PAL/TAL) which controls whether the Friedel-Crafts or an E(1)cB reaction mechanism takes place. Hence, Glu484 in pcPAL favors the Friedel-Crafts reaction (see picture, MIO = 4-methylidene imidazol-5-one) whereas an Asn in TAL gives an(More)
The human neutrophil lipocalin (HNL), a member of the large family of lipocalins that exhibit various physiological functions, is coexpressed in granulocytes with progelatinase B (MMP-9). Part of it is covalently bound to the proenzyme and therefore may play a possible role in the activation process of promatrix metalloproteinases. We now report that HNL is(More)
Human neutrophil lipocalin (HNL) cDNA was amplified by PCR technology in combination with deoxyinosine containing oligonucleotides for cloning, sequencing and production of the recombinant protein in E. coli. The primers were targeted to the corresponding DNA backtranslate of the mature protein resulting in a PCR amplified 534 bp cDNA from different reverse(More)
TIMP-1 is a member of the family of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases involved in regulating the activity of extracellular matrix degrading metalloproteinases. The TIMP-1 cDNA was obtained by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) amplification of the corresponding mRNA from human fibroblasts. Cloning and expression of the TIMP-1(More)
Human neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (HNGAL) is a member of the lipocalin family of extracellular proteins that function as transporters of small, hydrophobic molecules. HNGAL, a component of human blood granulocytes, binds bacterially derived formyl peptides that act as chemotactic agents and induce leukocyte granule discharge. HNGAL also forms(More)