Sebastian Bartsch

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The highly thermostable esterase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum calidifontis VA1 (PestE) shows high enantioselectivity (E > 100) in the kinetic resolution of racemic chiral carboxylic acids, but little selectivity towards acetates of tertiary alcohols (E = 2–4). To explain these unique properties, its crystal structure has been determined(More)
The human neutrophil lipocalin (HNL), a member of the large family of lipocalins that exhibit various physiological functions, is coexpressed in granulocytes with progelatinase B (MMP-9). Part of it is covalently bound to the proenzyme and therefore may play a possible role in the activation process of promatrix metalloproteinases. We now report that HNL is(More)
By selective enrichment, we isolated a bacterium that can use β-phenylalanine as a sole nitrogen source. It was identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing as a strain of Variovorax paradoxus. Enzyme assays revealed an aminotransferase activity. Partial genome sequencing and screening of a cosmid DNA library resulted in the identification of a 1,302-bp(More)
Phenylalanine ammonia lyases (PAL) catalyze the reversible, non-reductive amination of trans-cinnamic acid to l-phenylalanine in the presence of high ammonia concentrations. Since neither cofactor recycling nor other additives are needed and by this asymmetric synthesis theoretical yields of 100% can be reached, it is an interesting reaction for industrial(More)
TIMP-1 is a member of the family of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases involved in regulating the activity of extracellular matrix degrading metalloproteinases. The TIMP-1 cDNA was obtained by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) amplification of the corresponding mRNA from human fibroblasts. Cloning and expression of the TIMP-1(More)
Human neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (HNGAL) is a member of the lipocalin family of extracellular proteins that function as transporters of small, hydrophobic molecules. HNGAL, a component of human blood granulocytes, binds bacterially derived formyl peptides that act as chemotactic agents and induce leukocyte granule discharge. HNGAL also forms(More)
All ways lead to Rome? Computer modeling and kinetic measurements identified a distinct residue in Phe/Tyr ammonia lyases (PAL/TAL) which controls whether the Friedel-Crafts or an E(1)cB reaction mechanism takes place. Hence, Glu484 in pcPAL favors the Friedel-Crafts reaction (see picture, MIO = 4-methylidene imidazol-5-one) whereas an Asn in TAL gives an(More)
Triggered by findings on heparin-like disaccharides, the conformation of sulfated glucopyranosides was investigated. Sodium (methyl 2,3,4-tri-O-sulfonato-beta-D-glucopyranosid)uronate tetrasodium salt is in a conformational equilibrium, to which a non-chair conformation contributes. The same is true for methyl (methyl(More)
Deciphering the structural features that functionally separate ammonia lyases from aminomutases is of interest because it may allow for the engineering of more efficient aminomutases for the synthesis of unnatural amino acids (e.g., β-amino acids). However, this has proved to be a major challenge that involves understanding the factors that influence their(More)