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The effect of temperature on the production, survival and infectivity of zoospores of an Argentinean isolate of Leptolegnia chapmanii was determined under laboratory conditions. Production of zoospores of L. chapmaniiin vitro and in vivo upon first and fourth instars larvae of the mosquito Aedes aegypti was studied at three different temperatures. Zoospores(More)
Tropidacris collaris (Orthoptera: Romaleidae) is a large and voracious grasshopper, which, in recent years, has become a recurrent pest in increasingly extensive areas of Argentina's northern provinces. In the present work chitinase activity was measured in 59 entomopathogenic fungal isolates native to Argentina, and the relationship between enzymatic(More)
The effects of water volume, container surface area and the density of hosts and fungal zoospores on the infectivity of the oomycete fungus Leptolegnia chapmanii to Aedes aegypti were investigated in the laboratory. Late 3rd or early 4th instars from a laboratory colony were used as hosts in all assays. Fourth instars infected with L. chapmanii for 48 h(More)
A survey for entomopathogenic fungi of the Chagas disease vector Triatoma infestans was conducted in two provinces of Argentina from March–December 2003. Field-collected insects that died in the laboratory were individually maintained in moist chamber and incubated at 22 °C. Triatominae adults infected with the fungus Paecilomyces lilacinus were found at El(More)
Two neotropical freshwater fish species, Cnesterodom decemmaculatus (Poeciliidae) and Jenynsia multidentata (Anablepidae), were collected from human-made ditches, a common habitat of the house mosquito Culex pipiens in La Plata, Argentina. Cnesterodom decemmaculatus was recorded in 62 of the 100 examined ditches, whereas J. multidentata was collected from(More)
Chagas' disease is the most important endemic arthropod-zoonosis in Argentina with an estimated 1.6 million people infected with the causative agent Trypanosoma cruzi. Triatoma infestans is the main vector of Chagas' disease in Argentina. A survey for parasites and pathogens of Triatominae was conducted from August 2002 to February 2005. Collections of(More)
Tolypocladium cylindrosporum is an entomopathogenic fungi that has been studied as a biological control agent against insects of several orders. The fungus has been isolated from the soil as well as from insects of the orders Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera and Hymenoptera. In this study, we analyzed the ability of a strain of T cylindrosporum, isolated(More)
Leptolegnia chapmanii is an aquatic fungus that has demonstrated marked pathogenicity towards the larvae of a number of mosquito species with little or no effect on non-target insects. The aim of this work was to determine the best culture medium for colony growth, and production and infectivity of zoospores among different isolates of L. chapmanii. No(More)
The aquatic oomycete fungus Leptolegnia chapmanii Seymour is pathogenic to mosquito larvae, but it has been little studied since it was first isolated. Although studies have been performed on different biological isolates of L. chapmanii around the world, they were made on zoospores and a very little or even nothing is known about the sexual stage (oogonia(More)
Larvicidal effects of interaction between Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti), temephos and Leptolegnia chapmanii zoospores on larvae of Aedes aegypti were determined under laboratory and seminatural conditions. In laboratory bioassays, two concentrations of Bti (0.012, 0.027 ppm), two of temephos (0.00035, 0.001 ppm), and a single concentration(More)