Sean Williams

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Kinesio tape (KT) is an elastic therapeutic tape used for treating sports injuries and a variety of other disorders. Chiropractor, Dr Kenso Kase, developed KT taping techniques in the 1970s. It is claimed that KT supports injured muscles and joints and helps relieve pain by lifting the skin and allowing improved blood and lymph flow. The profile of KT rose(More)
1. Muscarinic depression of the electrically-evoked surface-negative field potential (N-wave) was measured in guinea-pig olfactory cortex slices maintained in vitro. 2. The effects of three muscarinic receptor antagonists, pirenzepine, atropine and gallamine on this muscarinic response were analysed in detail. 3. Pirenzepine was a potent competitive(More)
1. The effects of muscarinic receptor agonists on the electrically-evoked surface-negative field potential (N-wave) were measured in the guinea-pig olfactory cortex slice maintained in vitro. 2. Bath-superfusion of (+/-)-muscarine, acetylcholine (ACh), carbachol (CCh), or methacholine (MCh) (10-200 microM) produced reversible, dose-dependent depressions of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Literature review/semi-structured interviews. OBJECTIVE To develop a spinal cord injury (SCI) research strategy for Australia and New Zealand. SETTING Australia. METHODS The National Trauma Research Institute Forum approach of structured evidence review and stakeholder consultation was employed. This involved gathering from published(More)
Football codes (rugby union, soccer, American football) train and play matches on natural and artificial turfs. A review of injuries on different turfs was needed to inform practitioners and sporting bodies on turf-related injury mechanisms and risk factors. Therefore, the aim of this review was to compare the incidence, nature and mechanisms of injuries(More)
PURPOSE To explore the association between in-season training-load (TL) measures and injury risk in professional rugby union players. METHODS This was a 1-season prospective cohort study of 173 professional rugby union players from 4 English Premiership teams. TL (duration × session-RPE) and time-loss injuries were recorded for all players for all pitch-(More)
We have reviewed the effects on adrenergic receptors by membrane phospholipid alterations secondary to oxidative stress and phospholipases' activity. Experimental evidences indicate that the function of both α- and β-adrenoceptors is regulated by their phospholipid microdomain; however, the underlying mechanism is still undefined. No information seems to be(More)
BACKGROUND To determine whether the length of time between alcohol-related attendance in the emergency department (ED) and follow-up appointment with an alcohol health worker (AHW) alters attendance rate at the AHW clinic. METHODS We examined paper and computerized records made by AHWs over a 4-year period, collecting data on the length of time between(More)
BACKGROUND Rugby Union has one of the highest reported incidences of match injuries amongst all professional team sports. The majority of research within this field has focused on elite male cohorts; in this study we present the first meta-analytic review of these data. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to summarise the incidence and severity of(More)
BACKGROUND A negative association between injuries and team success has been demonstrated in professional football, but the nature of this association in elite Rugby Union teams is currently unclear. AIM To assess the association between injury burden measures and team success outcomes within professional Rugby Union teams. METHODS A seven-season(More)