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Dendritic cells (DCs) initiate immune responses in barrier tissues including lung and skin. Conventional DC (cDC) subsets, CD11b(-) (cDC1s) or CD11b(+) (cDC2s), arise via distinct networks of transcription factors involving IFN regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) and IRF8, and are specialized for unique functional responses. Using mice in which a conditional Irf4 or(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) ligands modulate hemopoiesis and immunity in the normal state, during autoimmunity, and after infection or trauma. Dendritic cells (DC) are critical for initiation of innate and adaptive immune responses. We demonstrate, using cytokine-driven culture models of DC differentiation, that 17-beta-estradiol exerts opposing effects on(More)
During inflammation, elevated granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) directs the development of new dendritic cells (DCs). This pathway is influenced by environmental factors, and we previously showed that physiologic levels of estradiol, acting through estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha), promote the GM-CSF-mediated differentiation of a(More)
Artificial insemination is widely used in the cattle industry and a major challenge is to ensure that semen is free of infectious agents. A healthy donor bull was tested for freedom from infectious agents. A bovine herpesvirus was isolated in testis cells and identified as bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BoHV-5) by polymerase chain reaction and by direct(More)
17beta-estradiol (betaE(2)) is an effective neuroprotectant against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced retinal neuronal cell death and light-induced photoreceptor degeneration. Müller cells are the principal macroglia responsible for supporting retinal neuronal survival, information processing and removing metabolic waste. However, the role of betaE(2) on(More)
Migration of resident dendritic cells (DC) from the skin to local lymph nodes (LN) triggers T cell-mediated immune responses during cutaneous infection, autoimmune disease, and vaccination. In this study, we investigated whether the development and migration of skin-resident DC were regulated by IFN regulatory factor 4 (IRF4), a transcription factor that is(More)
Type I IFNs are potent regulators of innate and adaptive immunity and are implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Here we report that clinical and pathological lupus nephritis and serum anti-nuclear Ab levels are greatly attenuated in New Zealand Mixed (NZM) 2328 mice deficient in type I IFN receptors (IFNAR). To determine whether(More)
Although extensive HLA-A and HLA-B polymorphism is evident, the true diversity of HLA-C has remained hidden due to poor resolution of HLA-C Ags. To better understand the polymorphic nature of HLA-C molecules, 1823 samples from the National Marrow Donor Program research repository in North America have been typed by DNA sequencing and interpreted in terms of(More)
To study genes that are specifically expressed in the eyes, we employed microarray and in situ hybridization analyses to identify and characterize differentially expressed ocular genes in eyeless masterblind (mbl-/-) zebrafish (Danio rerio). Among 70 differentially expressed genes in the mbl-/- mutant identified by microarray analysis, 8 down-regulated(More)
Neonatal monocytes display immaturity of numerous functions compared with adult cells. Gene expression arrays provide a promising tool for elucidating mechanisms underlying neonatal immune function. We used a well-established microarray to analyze differences between LPS-stimulated human cord blood and adult monocytes to create dynamic models for(More)