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Natural killer (NK) cells are an important early mediator of host immunity to murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection. However, MCMV has evolved mechanisms to elude recognition and clearance by NK cells. We have identified an MCMV immune evasion protein that impairs NKG2D-mediated NK cell antiviral activity. Infection of BALB/c 3T3 cells with the Smith(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the largest human herpesvirus and its virion contains many viral encoded proteins found in the capsid, tegument, and envelope. In this study, we carried out a yeast two-hybrid (YTH) analysis to study potential binary interactions among 56 HCMV-encoded virion proteins. We have tested more than 3,500 pairwise combinations for(More)
RNase P complexed with external guide sequence (EGS) represents a novel nucleic-acid-based gene interference approach to modulate gene expression. In this study, a functional EGS RNA was constructed to target the overlapping mRNA region of two human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) capsid proteins, the capsid scaffolding protein (CSP) and assemblin. The EGS RNA was(More)
By using an in vitro selection procedure, we have previously isolated RNase P ribozyme variants that efficiently cleave an mRNA sequence in vitro. In this study, a ribozyme variant was used to target the overlapping region of the mRNAs encoding human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) major transcription regulatory proteins IE1 and IE2. The variant is about 90 times(More)
A ribozyme (M1GS RNA) constructed from the catalytic RNA subunit of RNase P from Escherichia coli was used to target the overlapping region of two human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) mRNAs, which encode for the viral essential protease (PR) and capsid assembly proteins (AP), respectively. The results show a reduction of >80% in the expression levels of PR and AP(More)
BACKGROUND Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in the oral cavity plays an important role in its horizontal transmission and in causing viral-associated oral diseases such as gingivitis. However, little is currently known about HCMV pathogenesis in oral mucosa, partially because HCMV infection is primarily limited to human cells and few cultured tissue(More)
A fundamental challenge in gene therapy is to develop approaches for delivering nucleic acid-based gene interfering agents, such as small interfering RNAs and ribozymes, to the appropriate cells in a way that is tissue/cell specific, efficient, and safe. Using human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection of differentiated macrophages as the model, we showed that(More)
By linking a guide sequence to the catalytic RNA subunit of RNase P (M1 RNA), we constructed a functional ribozyme (M1GS RNA) that targets the overlapping mRNA region of two human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) capsid proteins, the capsid scaffolding protein (CSP) and assemblin, which are essential for viral capsid formation. The ribozyme efficiently cleaved the(More)
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