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BACKGROUND The objective of the current study was to report a single-surgeon, single-center experience with 100 consecutive laparoscopic radical nephrectomies with intact specimen extraction, with the aim of evaluating the oncologic adequacy of the laparoscopic dissection from a technical standpoint and various parameters including the learning curve. (More)
Female Sprague-Dawley rats were infused with [1-13C]glucose to measure the effect of endurance training and the effect of various metabolic conditions on pathways of hepatic glycogen synthesis. Four metabolic states [sedentary (S), trained (T), sedentary exhausted (SE), and trained exhausted (TE)] were studied. T and TE rats were trained on a motor-driven(More)
OBJECTIVE The relationship between urinary albumin excretion (UAE) and diabetic complications in NIDDM has not been studied in a large American population. The demonstrated relationship between increased UAE and the development of retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy in IDDM makes this an important issue to also be studied in NIDDM patients. RESEARCH(More)
Clinical factors associated with urinary albumin excretion (UAE) in type II diabetes are less well known than in type I diabetes. To examine the factors associated with UAE in type II diabetes, 933 Appropriate Blood Pressure Control in Diabetes Trial patients were classified according to UAE status: normoalbuminuria (< 20 micrograms/min), microalbuminuria(More)
Exercise capacity has been used as a noninvasive parameter for predicting cardiovascular events. It is known that diabetic patients have an impaired exercise capacity when compared with nondiabetic age-matched control subjects, but the risk factors associated with this impairment have not been thoroughly analyzed. A total of 453 male and female NIDDM(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective of the ABCD (Appropriate Blood Pressure Control in Diabetes) Trial is to determine the efficacy of intensive versus moderate antihypertensive control on the outcome of type II diabetic end-organ complications in normotensive and hypertensive populations. The secondary objective is to determine whether any differential effect(More)
The ABCD (Appropriate Blood Pressure Control in Diabetes) trial is a large, prospective, randomized clinical trial designed to compare the effects of intensive with moderate blood pressure control on the prevention and progression of diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, cardiovascular disease, and neuropathy in non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM). The(More)
A cross-sectional population study was performed in a cohort of 890 non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients residing in the greater Denver metropolitan region. Its purpose was to evaluate the relationship between insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) with regard to metabolic control and diabetic complications. The mean glycosylated(More)