Sean S. Liour

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Radial glial cells play important roles in neural development. They provide support and guidance for neuronal migration and give rise to neurons and glia. In vitro, neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes can be generated from neural and embryonic stem cells, but the generation of radial glial cells from these stem cells has not yet been reported. Since(More)
Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) are known to play important roles in cellular growth and differentiation in the nervous system. The change in expression of gangliosides is correlated with crucial developmental events and is evolutionarily conserved among many vertebrate species. The emergence of neural progenitors represents a crucial step in neural development,(More)
The expression of gangliosides is developmentally regulated in the central nervous system. The expression of GM1 in the neural progenitor cells of the telencephalonic ventricular zone (VZ) has been reported in several studies. However, information on the spatial and temporal regulation of GM1 expression in the VZ is still lacking. In this study, we(More)
It has been shown previously that the migration of granule neurons in neonatal cerebellum can be inhibited by a monoclonal antibody (Mab) JONES. Because the inhibition is presumed to be mediated through binding of the JONES antibody to 9-O-acetyl GD3, we used GD3-synthase knockout (GD3S-/-) mice that do not express 9-O-acetyl GD3 and also have no detectable(More)
During development of the nervous system, neuronal precursors that originated in proliferative regions migrate along radial glial fibers to reach their final destination. P19 embryonal carcinoma (EC) stem cells exposed to retinoic acid (RA) differentiate into neurons, glia, and fibroblast-like cells. In this work, we induced P19 aggregates for 4 days with(More)
Bioartificial kidneys (BAKs) combine a conventional hemofilter in series with a bioreactor unit containing renal epithelial cells. The epithelial cells derived from the renal tubule should provide transport, metabolic, endocrinologic and immunomodulatory functions. Currently, primary human renal proximal tubule cells are most relevant for clinical(More)
Alternative splicing produces functionally distinct proteins participating in cellular processes including differentiation and development. CoAA is a coactivator that regulates transcription-coupled splicing and its own pre-mRNA transcript is alternatively spliced. We show here that the CoAA gene is embryonically expressed and alternatively spliced in(More)
The CNS consists of neuronal and glial cells generated from common neural progenitor cells during development. Cellular events for neural progenitor cells, such as proliferation and differentiation, are regulated by multiple intrinsic and extrinsic cell signals. Although much is known on the importance of the proteinous factors in regulating the fate of(More)
Stimulation of human brain microvascular endothelial cells (SV-HCECs) with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) up-regulates sulfoglucuronosyl paragloboside (SGPG) synthesis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. After TNF-alpha exposure at a concentration of 50 ng/ml for 24 hr, we observed a seven- to tenfold elevation of SGPG concentration.(More)
Gangliosides have been implicated in having important roles in neural development. It has been shown that disruption of ganglioside biosynthesis inhibits neurite outgrowth. However, many contradictory results have been reported. The inconsistency of these reports may result from the differential use of neuronal cell lines and inhibitors for ganglioside(More)