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We previously reported the cloning and characterization of leptospiral immunoglobulin-like proteins LigA and LigB of Leptospira interrogans. LigA and LigB are conserved at the amino-terminal region but are variable at the carboxyl-terminal region. Here, we evaluate the potential of recombinant LigA (rLigA) as a vaccine candidate against infection by L.(More)
Visual content analysis has always been important yet challenging. Thanks to the popularity of social networks, images become an convenient carrier for information diffusion among online users. To understand the diffusion patterns and different aspects of the social images, we need to interpret the images first. Similar to textual content, images also carry(More)
A clone expressing a novel immunoreactive leptospiral immunoglobulin-like protein A of 130 kDa (LigA) from Leptospira interrogans serovar pomona type kennewicki was isolated by screening a genomic DNA library with serum from a mare that had recently aborted due to leptospiral infection. LigA is encoded by an open reading frame of 3,675 bp, and the deduced(More)
Leptospirosis is globally important infectious disease affecting almost all mammals. Pathogenic Leptospira encodes immunoglobulin-like protein (Lig) that is found to express only during infection. We report the development of conventional and real time PCR assays targeting lig genes of leptospires for the early diagnosis of leptospirosis. Sensitivity of the(More)
The search for novel antigens suitable for improved vaccines and diagnostic reagents against leptospirosis led to the identification of LigA and LigB. LigA and LigB expression were not detectable at the translation level but were detectable at the transcription level in leptospires grown in vitro. Lig genes were present in pathogenic serovars of Leptospira,(More)
The early consequences of Helicobacter pylori infection and the role of bacterial virulence determinants in disease outcome remain to be established. The present study sought to measure the development of host inflammatory and immune responses and their relationship to the putative bacterial virulence factors cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI), vacA allele,(More)
A killed whole Neospora caninum tachyzoite preparation was formulated with various adjuvants and tested for its immunogenicity in cattle. The adjuvants used were: Havlogen, a polymer of acrylic acid cross-linked with polyallylsucrose; Polygen, a non-particulate copolymer; a mixture of Havlogen and Bay R-1005, which is a preparation of free base synthetic(More)
Leptospiral immunoglobulin-like protein (LigB) was truncated into conserved (LigBcon) and variable (varB1, varB2) fragments and expressed as GST/His-tag fusion proteins. Four-week-old hamsters were immunized with equal amounts of each fragment individually or combined in alum adjuvant at days 0 and 21 and subsequently challenged three weeks after the(More)
The present study sought to quantitatively examine mucosal inflammatory and immune responses in dogs with gastritis and the relationship of these responses to infection with Helicobacter. Gastric biopsies from 30 dogs were evaluated for B- and T-lymphocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, macrophages, and mast cells. Mucosal atrophy, fibrosis, cellularity, and(More)
The beta 2 or leukointegrin family is comprised of three structurally related leukocyte surface heterodimers: LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18), Mac-1/Mo-1 (CD11b/CD18), and p150,95 (CD11c/CD18). In this work, we describe a novel canine beta 2 (CD18)-associated leukointegrin, designated alpha d. Expression of alpha d in tissues was prominent in macrophages in splenic red(More)