Sean McNulty

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This study investigated whether melatonin could modulate the phosphorylation of the calcium/cyclic AMP response-element binding-protein (CREB) within primary cell cultures of ovine pars tuberalis (oPT) and pars distalis (oPD). Gel shift assays confirmed the presence of nuclear factors able to alter the electrophoretic mobility of a 32P-labelled CRE(More)
Photic resetting of the adult mammalian circadian clock in vivo is associated with phosphorylation of the Ser133 residue of the calcium/cyclic AMP response-element binding-protein (CREB) in the retinorecipient region of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Western blotting and immunocytochemistry were used to investigate whether agonists known to reset the(More)
Exposure of Syrian hamsters to light 1 h after lights-off rapidly (10 min) induced nuclear immunoreactivity (-ir) to the phospho-Ser133 form of the Ca2+/cAMP response element (CRE) binding protein (pCREB) in the retinorecipient zone of the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). Light also induced nuclear Fos-ir in the same region of the SCN after 1 h. The(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) generates circadian rhythms of behavior and hormone secretion in mammals, and integrates responses to light and nonphotic stimuli to synchronize such rhythms with the external environment. Previous studies have demonstrated a close association between the induction of the immediate early gene (IEG) c-fos in the SCN by light(More)
This study used a combination of Western blotting and immunocytochemistry to test whether signalling pathways independent of cyclic AMP have the potential to induce phospho-CREB (pCREB)-like immunoreactivity (-ir) in the oPT. Western blot analysis of extracts of primary cultures of oPT using an antiserum against CREB, revealed a major band of CREB-ir at 44(More)
1. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were made from visually identified hippocampal interneurones in slices of rat brain tissue in vitro. Bath application of the bombesin-like neuropeptides gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) or neuromedin B (NMB) produced a large membrane depolarization that was blocked by pre-incubation with the subtype 2 bombesin (BB2)(More)
The potential role of phospholipases in mediating melatonin-dependent inhibition of adenylyl cyclase was investigated in pars tuberalis (PT) cultures. The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) stimulated the release of choline metabolites and increased the transphosphatidylation reaction. The calcium ionophore A23187 stimulated the(More)
In altricial rodents, maternal influences entrain the developing circadian system in the perinatal period before the capacity to respond directly to photic cues develops. The aim of these studies was to investigate the potential role of dopamine in this process in the Siberian hamster. An initial study investigated the ontogeny of retinal innervation of the(More)
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