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A strong-binding primary (O1) lac operator located 100 to 200 base-pairs (bp) upstream from a lac promoter control region reduces expression from a lac promoter controlled by a weaker-binding (Oc) lac operator between 3 and 20-fold on a multicopy plasmid in E. coli. We attribute this effect to loop formation in which a thermodynamically stable complex is(More)
We introduce a simple and fast approach for predicting RNA chemical shifts from interatomic distances that performs with an accuracy similar to existing predictors and enables the first chemical shift-restrained simulations of RNA to be carried out. Our analysis demonstrates that the applied restraints can effectively guide conformational sampling toward(More)
Proteins are often characterized in terms of their primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure. Algorithms such as define secondary structure of proteins (DSSP) can automatically assign protein secondary structure based on the backbone hydrogen-bonding pattern. However, the assignment of secondary structure elements (SSEs) becomes a challenge(More)
The base analog 2-aminopurine (AP) strongly promotes A.T to G.C and G.C to A.T transitions in bacteria and bacteriophage. During DNA replication, the primary mutagenic event involves formation of a heteroduplex with an AP.C site at a much higher frequency than formation of the corresponding heteroduplex with an A.C site. It is not known if AP-induced(More)
Two different solvents (acetone and dichloromethane) were compared for their efficacy in extraction of mutagenic compounds from airborne particulate samples. Their mutagenicity was examined with Salmonella typhimurium TA98 in presence or absence of S9 mix. The total mutagenic activity of the acetone extract was 1.8-7.0-fold that of the dichloromethane(More)
Hairpin polyamides are synthetic ligands for sequence-specific recognition in the minor groove of double-helical DNA. A thermodynamic characterization of the DNA-binding properties exhibited by a six-ring hairpin polyamide, ImPyPy-gamma-PyPyPy-beta-Dp (where Im = imidazole, Py = pyrrole, gamma = gamma-aminobutyric acid, beta = beta-alanine, and Dp =(More)
The kinase-inducible domain interacting (KIX) domain of the CREB binding protein (CBP) is capable of simultaneously binding two intrinsically disordered transcription factors, such as the mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) and c-Myb peptides, at isolated interaction sites. In vitro, the affinity for binding c-Myb is approximately doubled when KIX is in complex(More)
DNA mismatch recognition and repair is vital for preserving the fidelity of the genome. Conserved across prokaryotes and eukaryotes, MutS is the primary protein that is responsible for recognizing a variety of DNA mismatches. From molecular dynamics simulations of the Escherichia coli MutS-DNA complex, we describe significant conformational dynamics in the(More)
Postreplication DNA mismatch repair is essential for maintaining the integrity of genomic information in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The first step in mismatch repair is the recognition of base-base mismatches and insertions/deletions by bacterial MutS or eukaryotic MSH2-MSH6. Crystal structures of both proteins bound to mismatch DNA reveal a similar(More)
Tombusviruses, such as Carnation Italian ringspot virus (CIRV), encode a protein homodimer called p19 that is capable of suppressing RNA silencing in their infected hosts by binding to and sequestering short-interfering RNA (siRNA) away from the RNA silencing pathway. P19 binding stability has been shown to be sensitive to changes in pH but the specific(More)