Sean M. Decatur

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Amyloidogenic deposits that accumulate in brain tissue with the progression of Alzheimer's disease contain large amounts of the amyloid beta-peptide. A small fragment of this peptide, comprising residues 16-22 (Abeta(16-22)), forms beta-sheets in isolation, which then aggregate into amyloid fibrils. Here, using isotope edited infrared spectroscopy to probe(More)
The structural eye lens protein γD-crystallin is a major component of cataracts, but its conformation when aggregated is unknown. Using expressed protein ligation, we uniformly (13)C labeled one of the two Greek key domains so that they are individually resolved in two-dimensional (2D) IR spectra for structural and kinetic analysis. Upon acid-induced(More)
PURPOSE Amyloid fibrils are associated with a variety of human protein misfolding and protein deposition diseases. Previous studies have shown that bovine crystallins form amyloid fibers under denaturing conditions and amyloid fibers accumulate in the lens of mice carrying mutations in crystallin genes. Within differentiating lens fiber cells, crystallins(More)
In the sperm whale myoglobin mutant H93G, the proximal histidine is replaced by glycine, leaving a cavity in which exogenous imidazole can bind and ligate the heme iron (Barrick, D. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 6545-6554). Structural studies of this mutant suggest that serine 92 may play an important role in imidazole binding by serving as a hydrogen bond(More)
2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol (TFE) is widely used to induce helix formation in peptides and proteins, but the mechanism behind this effect is still poorly understood. Several recent papers have proposed that TFE acts by selectively desolvating the peptide backbone groups of the helix state. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy of the amide I band of polypeptides can be(More)
Identifying the sequence and structural content of residues that compose the core of amyloid fibrils is important because core regions likely control the process of fibril extension and provide potential drug targets. Human γD-crystallin is an eye lens protein that aggregates into amyloid fibrils under acidic conditions. In this manuscript, we use a pepsin(More)
The mechanism of helix stabilization or destabilization by different amino acids has been the subject of several experimental and theoretical studies; these studies suggest that large or bulky side chains may modulate helix stability by altering the hydration of the helix backbone. In this paper, we report a spectroscopic study to determine the effect of(More)
Picosecond mid-IR pump-probe measurements of vibrational relaxation (VR) of CO bound to the active sites of wild-type and mutant myoglobins (Mb) reveal that an approximately linear relationship exists between the protein matrix-induced CO frequency shift and the VR rate. This relation parallels a similar linear relationship seen in a series of heme model(More)
†Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130; ‡RISE Learning Institute, Bellevue College, Bellevue, WA 98007; §Office of the President, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH 43022; ‖Texas Institute for Discovery Education in Science, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712; ¶Department of Earth Science, Penn State Brandywine, Media,(More)
The misfolding of proteins into beta-sheets and the subsequent aggregation of these sheets into fibrous networks underlies many diseases. In this paper, the role of peptide structure in determining the ordering of beta-sheet aggregates and the morphology of fibrils and protofibrils is dissected. Using a series of peptides based on residues 109-122 of the(More)