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Picosecond mid-IR pump-probe measurements of vibrational relaxation (VR) of CO bound to the active sites of wild-type and mutant myoglobins (Mb) reveal that an approximately linear relationship exists between the protein matrix-induced CO frequency shift and the VR rate. This relation parallels a similar linear relationship seen in a series of heme model(More)
The misfolding of proteins into beta-sheets and the subsequent aggregation of these sheets into fibrous networks underlies many diseases. In this paper, the role of peptide structure in determining the ordering of beta-sheet aggregates and the morphology of fibrils and protofibrils is dissected. Using a series of peptides based on residues 109-122 of the(More)
The eight-residue alanine oligopeptide Ac-A(4)KA(2)Y-NH(2) (AKY8) was found to form amyloid-like fibrils upon incubation at room temperature in acidified aqueous solution at peptide concentrations >10 mM. The fibril solution exhibits an enhanced vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) couplet in the amide I' band region that is nearly 2 orders of magnitude(More)
Infrared spectroscopy is a powerful tool for analyzing the structure of proteins and peptides. The amide I band is particularly sensitive to the strength and position of the hydrogen bonds that define secondary structure as well as dipole-dipole interactions that are affected by the geometry of the peptide backbone. The introduction of a single(More)
Many neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by the accumulation of amyloid fibers in the brain, which can occur when a protein misfolds into an extended beta-sheet conformation. The nucleation of these beta-sheet aggregates is of particular interest, not only because it is the rate-determining step toward fiber formation but also because early,(More)
PURPOSE Amyloid fibrils are associated with a variety of human protein misfolding and protein deposition diseases. Previous studies have shown that bovine crystallins form amyloid fibers under denaturing conditions and amyloid fibers accumulate in the lens of mice carrying mutations in crystallin genes. Within differentiating lens fiber cells, crystallins(More)
In order for diatomic ligands to enter and exit myoglobin, there must be substantial displacements of amino acid side chains from their positions in the static X-ray structure. One pathway, involving Arg/Lys45, His64, and Val68, has been studied in greatest detail. In an earlier study (Lambright et al., 1989) we reported the surprising result that mutation(More)
2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol (TFE) is widely used to induce helix formation in peptides and proteins, but the mechanism behind this effect is still poorly understood. Several recent papers have proposed that TFE acts by selectively desolvating the peptide backbone groups of the helix state. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy of the amide I band of polypeptides can be(More)
In the sperm whale myoglobin mutant H93G, the proximal histidine is replaced by glycine, leaving a cavity in which exogenous imidazole can bind and ligate the heme iron (Barrick, D. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 6545-6554). Structural studies of this mutant suggest that serine 92 may play an important role in imidazole binding by serving as a hydrogen bond(More)
The structural eye lens protein γD-crystallin is a major component of cataracts, but its conformation when aggregated is unknown. Using expressed protein ligation, we uniformly (13)C labeled one of the two Greek key domains so that they are individually resolved in two-dimensional (2D) IR spectra for structural and kinetic analysis. Upon acid-induced(More)