Sean L. C. O'Malley

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We describe an adaptation of the rolling circle amplification (RCA) reporter system for the detection of protein Ags, termed "immunoRCA. " In immunoRCA, an oligonucleotide primer is covalently attached to an Ab; thus, in the presence of circular DNA, DNA polymerase, and nucleotides, amplification results in a long DNA molecule containing hundreds of copies(More)
Furin plays a crucial role in embryogenesis and homeostasis and in diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, cancer, and viral and bacterial infections. Thus, inhibition of furin may provide a feasible and promising approach for therapeutic intervention of furin-mediated disease mechanisms. Here, we report on a class of small molecule furin inhibitors based on(More)
A 57-year-old man of northern Italian and Polish descent with a late-onset, mild form of hereditary factor VII deficiency developed bilateral intracranial subdural hematomas after performing sit-ups while he was in a head-down position on an inversion table. The pertinence of the Valsalva maneuver and increased intracranial venous and intraocular pressure(More)
Male Sprague-Dawley rats, trained to consume their daily energy needs in a single 3-h meal (0900-1200 h), were used to examine the hypothesis that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) lowered the nuclear content of sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1 and/or -2 by suppressing the proteolytic release of mature SREBP from the membrane-anchored(More)
A series of mono-, di-, and tri-guanidinylated derivatives of neamine were prepared via selective guanidinylation of neamine. These molecules represent a novel scaffold as inhibitors of anthrax lethal factor zinc metalloprotease. Methods for the synthesis of these compounds are described, and structure-activity relationships among the series are analyzed.(More)
Carotenoids are the most widely distributed natural pigments, with over 600 individual compounds identified and characterized from natural sources. A few are commercially important molecules, having found utility as additions to animal feed in the aquaculture, poultry, and swine feed industries. The majority are lipophilic molecules with near zero inherent(More)
Trichoprosopon (Trichoprosopon) digitatum (Rondani) is the only representative of the subgenus Trichoprosopon known from Trinidad and Tobago (Heinemann et al., 1980). Its role as a vector of arbovimses has been identified with isolations of Wyeomyia, Triniti, and Aruac viruses, two of these being new agents recovered from pools of Trinidad mosquitoes,(More)
Neurotoxins synthesized by Clostridium botulinum bacteria (BoNT), the etiological agent of human botulism, are extremely toxic proteins making them high-risk agents for bioterrorism. Small molecule inhibitor development has been focused on the light chain zinc-dependent metalloprotease domain of the neurotoxin, an effort that has been hampered by its(More)
BACKGROUND Anthrax is a human disease that results from infection by the bacteria, Bacillus anthracis and has recently been used as a bioterrorist agent. Historically, this disease was associated with Bacillus spore exposure from wool or animal carcasses. While current vaccine approaches (targeted against the protective antigen) are effective for(More)
Anthrax is a highly lethal disease caused by the Gram-(+) bacteria Bacillus anthracis. Edema toxin (ET) is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of disease in humans exposed to B. anthracis. ET is a bipartite toxin composed of two proteins secreted by the vegetative bacteria, edema factor (EF) and protective antigen (PA). Our work towards identifying a(More)