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OBJECTIVES To investigate associations between gay men's optimism and sexual behaviour in the context of new HIV treatments. METHODS Cross-sectional surveys (using anonymous, self-completed questionnaires) were conducted in Sydney during February 1998 (n = 2200) and in Melbourne during January 1998 (n = 1891). Gay men were recruited at social and(More)
A case control analysis within an ongoing cohort study was used to examine differences between seroconverters and men who remained HIV-negative. The cases were interviewed within one to 13 months prior to their seroconversion. Their responses to a structured questionnaire were compared with those of HIV-negative controls drawn from the same time period and(More)
The aim of this research was to develop a brief scale of gay men's optimism-scepticism in the context of new HIV treatments. Following comprehensive literature search and communication with other researchers, 34 items about viral load testing, HIV therapies and concern about HIV infection were generated. By way of anonymous, self-complete questionnaires,(More)
Whereas most gay men in Australia know their HIV test result, a consistent minority do not. From Gay Community Periodic Surveys (n=6831) conducted during 1998 in the 5 largest cities, those who did not have HIV test results (13.3% overall) comprised 10.0% in Sydney, 15.7% in Melbourne, 13.6% in Brisbane, 15.2% in Perth and 14.0% in Adelaide, representing a(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous Australian research suggests there is very little difference in the prevalence of mental health disorders across rural, remote and metropolitan areas. However, mental health specialists are particularly scarce in rural and remote areas and some researchers have argued that non-metropolitan residents rely heavily on general practitioners(More)
We examined differences over time in Sydney gay men's unprotected anal intercourse, particularly with a view to investigating any behavioural changes after the recent improvements in antiretroviral therapies. Trends in unprotected anal intercourse were monitored through the Sydney Gay Community Periodic (cross-sectional) Surveys which were conducted at(More)
AIMS To investigate changes in national prevalence, severity and management rates of asthma in Australian general practice from 1990 to 2003. METHODS A comparative study of general practitioner (GP) encounters with asthma patients, in cross sectional surveys from 1990-91 and 1998-2003. Main outcome measures were relative rates of asthma management,(More)
Some gay men who have unprotected anal intercourse avoid ejaculation-they practise 'withdrawal'. Using data collected in 1997 from a sample of Sydney gay men (n=625), we explored the relation between men's practice of ejaculation and their use of condoms. We also investigated whether men who had unprotected withdrawal but not unprotected ejaculation were(More)
We set out to determine the frequency and correlates of gay men's repeated unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners (UAI-C), defined as UAI-C reported at each of 3 annual interviews. By May 1997, 659 men had completed 3 annual interviews for the Sydney Men and Sexual Health (SMASH) cohort study. For the 3 6-month periods prior to each interview,(More)
It is important to know if optimism about HIV treatments is widespread and whether it is growing. To this end, cross-sectional surveys of gay men were conducted 6-monthly in Sydney between February 1997 and February 1999 (n = 3012). Recruitment was consistent at 4 gay community venues. The participants responded True, False or Unsure to 5 statements about(More)