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Induction of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) is determined typically by employing primary culture of human hepatocytes and measuring CYP3A4 mRNA, protein and microsomal activity. Recently a pregnane X receptor (PXR) reporter gene assay was established to screen CYP3A4 inducers. To evaluate results from the PXR reporter gene assay with those from the(More)
The human transcription factor pregnane X receptor (hPXR) is a key regulator of enzyme expression, especially cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Due to the prominence of CYP3A4 in the elimination of many drugs, the development of high throughput in vitro models to predict the effect of drugs on CYP3A4 expression have increased. To better interpret and predict(More)
Epsins are endocytic proteins with a structured epsin N-terminal homology (ENTH) domain that binds phosphoinositides and a poorly structured C-terminal region that interacts with ubiquitin and endocytic machinery, including clathrin and endocytic scaffolding proteins. Yeast has two redundant genes encoding epsins, ENT1 and ENT2; deleting both genes is(More)
Integrin-β1-null keratinocytes can adhere to fibronectin through integrin αvβ6, but form large peripheral focal adhesions and exhibit defective cell spreading. Here we report that, in addition to the reduced avidity of αvβ6 integrin binding to fibronectin, the inability of integrin β6 to efficiently bind and recruit kindlin-2 to focal adhesions directly(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C is poorly understood. This study examines the ability of hepatitis C virus (HCV) to infect, replicate in, and produce progeny virus from perihepatic lymph nodes in vivo. METHODS Lymph node (LN) biopsy specimens were taken from 20 patients with HCV genotype 1 infection and end-stage liver disease(More)
Influenza nucleoprotein (NP) plays multiple roles in the virus life cycle, including an essential function in viral replication as an integral component of the ribonucleoprotein complex, associating with viral RNA and polymerase within the viral core. The multifunctional nature of NP makes it an attractive target for antiviral intervention, and inhibitors(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a mechanistic pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model to describe the effects of rifampicin on hepatic Cyp3a11 RNA, enzymatic activity, and triazolam pharmacokinetics. Rifampicin was administered to steroid and xenobiotic X receptor (SXR) humanized mice at 10 mg/kg p.o. (every day for 3 days) followed by(More)
PURPOSE We examined the presence of the pregnane X receptor (PXR) and its effects on ovarian cancer cells after activation by its cognate ligand. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN SKOV-3 and OVCAR-8 ovarian carcinoma cells were analyzed for expression of PXR by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and Western blot. Human ovarian cancer tissue was also analyzed for(More)
Cell-based assays are beginning to replace traditional absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination and toxicology (ADMET) models employing subcellular fractions in high throughput drug discovery screening and drug development where drugs are characterized and predictions are formulated to forecast in vivo biological outcomes. Significant and(More)
PXR, pregnane X receptor, in its activated state, is a validated target for controlling certain drug-drug interactions in humans. In this context, there is a paucity of inhibitors directed toward activated PXR. Using prior observations with ketoconazole as a PXR inhibitor, the target compound 3 was synthesized from (s)-glycidol with overall 56% yield.(More)