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A major challenge in drug discovery is to distinguish the molecular targets of a bioactive compound from the hundreds to thousands of additional gene products that respond indirectly to changes in the activity of the targets. Here, we present an integrated computational-experimental approach for computing the likelihood that gene products and associated(More)
The particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO) is known to be very difficult to study mainly due to its unusual activity instability in vitro. By cultivating Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath) under methane stress conditions and high copper levels in the growth medium, membranes highly enriched in the pMMO with exceptionally stable activity can be isolated from(More)
The potential exploitation of metal-reducing bacteria as a means for environmental cleanup or alternative fuel is an exciting prospect; however, the cellular processes that would allow for these applications need to be better understood. MtrA is a periplasmic decaheme c-type cytochrome from Shewanella oneidensis involved in the reduction of extracellular(More)
MitoNEET is a small mitochondrial protein that has been identified recently as a target for the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class of diabetes drugs. MitoNEET also binds a unique three-Cys- and one-His-ligated [corrected] [2Fe-2S] cluster. Here we use protein film voltammetry (PFV) as a means to probe the redox properties of mitoNEET and demonstrate the direct(More)
The high-yield expression and purification of Shewanella oneidensis cytochrome c nitrite reductase (ccNiR) and its characterization by a variety of methods, notably Laue crystallography, are reported. A key component of the expression system is an artificial ccNiR gene in which the N-terminal signal peptide from the highly expressed S. oneidensis protein(More)
Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 has the ability to use many external terminal electron acceptors during anaerobic respiration, such as DMSO. The pathway that facilitates this electron transfer includes the decahaem cytochrome DmsE, a paralogue of the MtrA family of decahaem cytochromes. Although both DmsE and MtrA are decahaem cytochromes implicated in the(More)
Protein-protein interactions are well-known to regulate enzyme activity in cell signaling and metabolism. Here, we show that protein-protein interactions regulate the activity of a respiratory-chain enzyme, CymA, by changing the direction or bias of catalysis. CymA, a member of the widespread NapC/NirT superfamily, is a menaquinol-7 (MQ-7) dehydrogenase(More)
The indolocarbazole biosynthetic enzymes StaC, InkE, RebC, and AtmC mediate the degree of oxidation of chromopyrrolic acid on route to the natural products staurosporine, K252a, rebeccamycin, and AT2433-A1, respectively. Here, we show that StaC and InkE, which mediate a net 4-electron oxidation, bind FAD with a micromolar K(d), whereas RebC and AtmC, which(More)
The process known as "adaptive response" allows Escherichia coli to respond to small doses of DNA-methylating agents by upregulating the expression of four proteins. While the role of three of these proteins in mitigating DNA damage is well understood, the function of AidB is less clear. Although AidB is a flavoprotein, no catalytic role has been(More)
Thioredoxin reductases (TrxRs) are flavin-containing dithioloxidoreductases that couple reduction equivalents from the soluble NAD(P)H pool to the soluble protein thioredoxin (Trx). Previous crystallographic studies of the Escherichia coli enzyme ( ecTrxR) have shown that low molecular weight TrxRs can adopt two distinct conformations: the first (FO) is(More)