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The Rex proteins of types I and II human T-cell leukemia viruses (HTLV-I, HTLV-II) are required for expression of the viral structural gene products, gag and env and, thus, are essential for the replication of these pathogenic retroviruses. The action of Rex is sequence specific, requiring the presence of a cis-acting Rex response element located in the 3'(More)
The Rex protein of the type I human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV-I) is essential for the replication of this pathogenic retrovirus and, surprisingly, can also replace the function of the structurally distinct Rev protein of the type 1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). Rex action requires a 255-nucleotide viral RNA stem-loop structure termed the Rex RNA(More)
When BT began to look at how you transform an organization of approximately 14,000 people to become an Agile organisation a key challenge faced was how to support this size of a transformation from a coaching perspective i.e. how do you leverage a relatively small finite coaching resource so that it can be effective. BT drew inspiration from the “Law of(More)
We have examined the nucleotide sequences necessary for transcription of a human histone H4 gene in vitro. Maximal transcription of the H4 promoter requires, in addition to the TATA box and cap site, promoter elements between 70 and 110 nucleotides upstream from the transcription initiation site. These distal promoter elements are recognized preferentially(More)
HTLV-I structural gene expression is posttranscriptionally regulated by the Rex protein and the Rex response element (RexRE), a 255 nucleotide RNA stem-loop structure located in the retroviral 3' LTR. Independent of Rex, the RexRE also plays a critical role in the polyadenylation of all HTLV-I transcripts. Folding of the RexRE serves to spatially juxtapose(More)
Two proteins specifically binding to separate regions of the human histone H4 promoter were identified in nuclear extracts prepared from synchronized S-phase HeLa cells. Competition experiments with H4 promoter mutants and DNase protection assays ("footprinting") demonstrate that these factors bind to regions of the H4 promoter that are essential for(More)
The ability of the Rex protein of the type I human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV-I) to regulate expression of the retroviral gag and env structural genes post-transcriptionally is critically dependent on the presence of a Rex response element (RexRE). This cis-regulatory sequence is located within the retroviral 3' long terminal repeat and coincides with a(More)
The Rex protein of the human T-cell leukemia virus type II (HTLV-II), Rex-II, plays a central role in regulating the expression of the structural genes of this retrovirus. Rex-II acts posttranscriptionally by inducing the cytoplasmic expression of the incompletely spliced viral mRNAs that encode the Gag and Env structural proteins and the enzymes derived(More)
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