Sean F O'Hearn

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Mitochondrial diseases have been shown to result from mutations in mitochondrial genes located in either the nuclear DNA (nDNA) or mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Mitochondrial OXPHOS complex I has 45 subunits encoded by 38 nuclear and 7 mitochondrial genes. Two male patients in a putative X-linked pedigree exhibiting a progressive neurodegenerative disorder and(More)
Variation in the intracellular percentage of normal and mutant mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNA) (heteroplasmy) can be associated with phenotypic heterogeneity in mtDNA diseases. Individuals that inherit the common disease-causing mtDNA tRNA(Leu(UUR)) 3243A>G mutation and harbor ∼10-30% 3243G mutant mtDNAs manifest diabetes and occasionally autism; individuals(More)
Trypanosome RNA editing utilizes a seven polypeptide complex that includes two RNA ligases, band IV and band V. We now find that band IV protein contributes to the structural stability of the editing complex, so its lethal genetic knock-out could reflect structural or catalytic requirements. To assess the catalytic role in editing, we generated cell lines(More)
Two studies were conducted to determine the effect on learning and memory of MK801, an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist that acts through noncompetitive blockade of the ion channel associated with the NMDA receptor. In the first study we found a dose-dependent impairment in the acquisition of a modified radial-arm maze task, resulting from injections(More)
BACKGROUND HMGB1, a non-histone chromosomal protein, can bind to the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and act as an inflammatory mediator. We examined the role of HMGB1 in incisional wound healing and its possible mechanism of action through receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats undergoing(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations have been found in many cancers but the physiological derangements caused by such mutations have remained elusive. Prostate cancer is associated with both inherited and somatic mutations in the cytochrome c oxidase (COI) gene. We present a prostate cancer patient-derived rare heteroplasmic mutation of this gene, part of(More)
Mutations within the mitochondrially encoded cytochrome b (MTCYB) gene are heteroplasmic and lead to severe exercise intolerance. We describe an unusual clinical presentation secondary to a novel homoplasmic mutation within MTCYB. The m.15635T>C transition (S297P) was carried by a newborn who presented with a polyvisceral failure. This mutation was(More)
Mitochondria are ubiquitous in eukaryotic cells where they generate much of the cellular energy by the process of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). The approximately 1500 genes of the mitochondrial genome are distributed between the cytoplasmic, maternally-inherited, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) which encodes 37 genes and the nuclear DNA (nDNA) which(More)
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