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During progression of an in situ to an invasive cancer, epithelial cells lose expression of proteins that promote cell-cell contact, and acquire mesenchymal markers, which promote cell migration and invasion. These events bear extensive similarities to the process of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), which has been recognized for several decades(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to assess differential protein expression between euthermic and hibernating states in heart of Myotis lucifugus. A hibernation-induced protein was identified by mass spectrometry as a thioredoxin peroxidase-like protein known as PAG. Western blotting confirmed up-regulation (>2-fold) and RT-PCR also revealed(More)
Mammalian hibernation combines a profound net metabolic rate suppression with the selective up-regulation of key genes whose protein products address specific metabolic needs of the hibernator. The signal transduction pathways and transcription factors involved in regulating hibernation-responsive gene expression are of great interest. The present study(More)
The effects of hibernation on the expression of Akt (protein kinase B), the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma isoform (PPARgamma), and the PPARgamma coactivator PGC-1 were assessed in seven tissues of the little brown bat, Myotis lucifugus. Western blotting revealed that the levels of active phosphorylated Akt were strongly reduced in brain,(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family of transcription factors play a key role in lipid metabolism and have been implicated in a number of disease states, most notably of which is obesity. Controlled regulation of lipid metabolism is a key ingredient for successful hibernation. Partial cDNA sequences for one of the PPAR proteins,(More)
Aberrant activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcription factors has been implicated in the pathogenesis of breast cancer. We previously showed elevated activity of IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha), IKKbeta, and protein kinase CK2 in primary human breast cancer specimens and cultured cells. A novel inducible IKK protein termed IKK-i/IKKepsilon(More)
Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor family member HER2 is found in approximately 30% of breast cancers and is a target for immunotherapy. Trastuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against HER2, is cytostatic when added alone and highly successful in clinical settings when used in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents.(More)
Aberrant constitutive expression of NF-kappaB subunits, reported in more than 90% of breast cancers and multiple other malignancies, plays pivotal roles in tumorigenesis. Higher RelB subunit expression was demonstrated in estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-negative breast cancers versus ERalpha-positive ones, due in part to repression of RelB synthesis by(More)
High rates of non-shivering thermogenesis by brown adipose tissue accompanied by additional shivering thermogenesis in skeletal muscle provide the powerful reheating of body organs that allows hibernating mammals to return from their state of cold torpor back to euthermic function. Previous studies have suggested that changes to brown adipose mitochondria(More)
Hibernating animals rely primarily on lipids throughout winter as their primary fuel source, thus it is hypothesized that an increase in genes and proteins relating to lipid transport will increase accordingly. The cloning and expression of heart type fatty acid-binding protein (h-fabp) from a mammalian hibernator, the little brown bat Myotis lucifugus, is(More)