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Emphysema is largely an under-diagnosed medical condition that can exist in smokers in the absence of airway obstruction. We aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in assessing emphysema using quantitative CT scans as the reference standard. We enrolled 224 ever-smokers (current or former) over the age of 40.(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) remains underdiagnosed, despite our understanding of its impact on general health. Current screening methods utilize either symptoms or physical exam findings suggestive of OSA, but not both. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel screening tool for the detection of OSA, the NAMES assessment (neck circumference,(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging data suggest that P-selectin, by controlling adhesion of white blood cells, may be important in limiting the response to vascular injury. METHODS AND RESULTS We tested the hypothesis that transient inhibition of P-selectin with either anti-P-selectin monoclonal antibody (mAb) or anti-P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) mAb would(More)
Endothelial activation and leukocyte recruitment are early events in atherosclerosis and the vascular response to injury. Adenosine has anti-inflammatory effects on leukocytes and endothelial cells mediated through its A(2A) receptor. We tested the hypothesis that A(2A) activation would reduce inflammation and neointimal formation in a murine carotid(More)
BACKGROUND alpha(v)beta(3)-Integrin receptors are upregulated in atherosclerotic arteries and play a key role in smooth muscle cell and possibly inflammatory cell migration. We hypothesized that after balloon angioplasty (BA) of atherosclerotic arteries, selective inhibition of the alpha(v)beta(3)-receptor by XT199, a small-molecule, non-peptide-selective(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia (HG) and hyperinsulinemia (HI) may be factors enhancing the atherosclerotic complications of diabetes. We hypothesized that specific feeding of C57BL/6 apolipoprotein (apo) E-/- mice would alter their metabolic profiles and result in different degrees of neointima (NI) formation. We additionally hypothesized that an(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is influenced by sleep architecture with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep having the most adverse influence, especially in women. There is little data defining the influence of slow-wave sleep (SWS) on OSA. We wished to study the influence of SWS on OSA and identify differences attributable to gender and/or age, if any.(More)
INTRODUCTION The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is often used in the evaluation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), though questions remain about the influence gender, ethnicity, and body morphometry have in the responses to this questionnaire. The aim of this study was to examine differences in ESS scores between various demographic groups of patients(More)
OBJECTIVES Sleepiness in nurses has been shown to impact patient care and safety. The objectives of this study are to measure sleep quality, sleepiness, fatigue, and vigilance in inpatient nurses and to assess how setting (intensive care unit versus the general floor) and shift worked (day versus night) affect these measures. METHODS Nurses from both the(More)
UNLABELLED Intravascular delivery of an E1/E3 deleted adenovirus encoding the hirudin protein reduces neointimal formation in the rat arterial injury model. Given the interspecies variability in response to adenoviral vectors, we tested this same construct in the hirudin-sensitive cholesterol-fed rabbit arterial balloon injury model. We hypothesized that(More)