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Bioconductor is an open-source, open-development software project for the analysis and comprehension of high-throughput data in genomics and molecular biology. The project aims to enable interdisciplinary research, collaboration and rapid development of scientific software. Based on the statistical programming language R, Bioconductor comprises 934(More)
The increasing use of nanoparticles in medicine has raised concerns over their ability to gain access to privileged sites in the body. Here, we show that cobalt-chromium nanoparticles (29.5 +/- 6.3 nm in diameter) can damage human fibroblast cells across an intact cellular barrier without having to cross the barrier. The damage is mediated by a novel(More)
Understanding the mechanical environment of articular cartilage and chondrocytes is of the utmost importance in evaluating tissue damage which is often related to failure of the fibre architecture and mechanical injury to the cells. This knowledge also has significant implications for understanding the mechanobiological response in healthy and diseased(More)
Gold nanorods were prepared via a seed-mediated sequential growth process involving the use of citratestabilised seed crystals and their subsequent growth in a series of reaction solutions containing [AuCl4] , ascorbic acid and the cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonuim bromide (CTAB). Electron diffraction analysis and HRTEM images of mature nanorods(More)
Structuring over many length scales is a design strategy widely used in Nature to create materials with unique functional properties. We here present a comprehensive analysis of an adult sea urchin spine, and in revealing a complex, hierarchical structure, show how Nature fabricates a material which diffracts as a single crystal of calcite and yet fractures(More)
Patients with cobalt chrome (CoCr) metal-on-metal (MOM) implants may be exposed to a wide size range of metallic nanoparticles as a result of wear. In this study we have characterised the biological responses of human fibroblasts to two types of synthetically derived CoCr particles [(a) from a tribometer (30 nm) and (b) thermal plasma technology (20, 35,(More)
Common factors in therapy such as the therapeutic alliance and client motivation have been found to account for more change than therapy models. But common factors have been critiqued as only lists of variables that provide little practical guidance. Some researchers have demonstrated that certain common elements (e.g., the therapeutic alliance) account for(More)
Synthesis of CePO4 in water-in-oil microemulsions produces crystalline nanowires with uniform thickness (mean width = 3.7 nm) and straight or branched morphologies. The nanowires develop within a period of 1 month by surfactant-mediated slow crystallization from amorphous primary filaments with highly convoluted morphology. Electron microscopy and dynamic(More)
Iron nanoparticles, either formed in situ stabilized by 1,6-bis(diphenylphosphino)hexane or polyethylene glycol (PEG), or preformed stabilized by PEG, are excellent catalysts for the cross-coupling of aryl Grignard reagents with primary and secondary alkyl halides bearing beta-hydrogens and they also prove effective in a tandem cyclization/cross-coupling(More)