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As new health care strategies compete with existing ones for limited resources, the health care system and its providers are beginning to turn to health economic analyses to help inform choices in the delivery of care. This 2-part review examines the current health economic literature for asthma and rhinitis. This first installment of the review focuses on(More)
Asthma is a serious health problem throughout the world. During the past two decades, many scientific advances have improved our understanding of asthma and ability to manage and control it effectively. However, recommendations for asthma care need to be adapted to local conditions, resources and services. Since it was formed in 1993, the Global Initiative(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and accurate estimates of the prevalence of this disease are needed to anticipate the future burden of COPD, target key risk factors, and plan for providing COPD-related health services. We aimed to measure the prevalence of COPD and its risk(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES COPD affects millions of people in the United States. The purpose of this study was to describe the medical resource use and costs incurred by persons with COPD in the United States in 1987. DESIGN Data for this study were derived from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey. A societal perspective was adopted for this analysis. (More)
BACKGROUND Using survey instruments to assess physicians' attitudes toward electronic health record (EHR) adoption has been an ongoing area of research. No instrument has emerged for widespread use. OBJECTIVE We used a theoretically-based, 37-question survey instrument to assess attitudes toward electronic (e-) prescribing adoption in the context of an(More)
Treatment strategies for colorectal cancer (CRC) are highly variable. The aim of this study is to examine the patterns of chemotherapy and biologic therapy use for CRC patients in a national medical claims database. A retrospective and observational analysis was performed using the i3 Innovus claims database to identify healthcare services consumed by(More)
OBJECTIVES There is growing recognition that a comprehensive economic assessment of a new health-care intervention at the time of launch requires both a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) and a budget impact analysis (BIA). National regulatory agencies such as the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in England and Wales and the(More)
BACKGROUND Several imaging modalities are available for diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PURPOSE To evaluate the test performance of imaging modalities for HCC. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE (1998 to December 2014), the Cochrane Library Database, Scopus, and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION Studies on test performance of ultrasonography, computed(More)
BACKGROUND Increases in prescriptions of opioid medications for chronic pain have been accompanied by increases in opioid overdoses, abuse, and other harms and uncertainty about long-term effectiveness. PURPOSE To evaluate evidence on the effectiveness and harms of long-term (>3 months) opioid therapy for chronic pain in adults. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE,(More)
Concepts of asthma severity and control are important in the evaluation of patients and their response to treatment but the terminology is not standardised and the terms are often used interchangeably. This review, arising from the work of an American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society Task Force, identifies the need for separate concepts of(More)