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In humans, mutations of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilins (PS) 1 and 2 are associated with amyloid deposition, brain structural change and cognitive decline, like in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mice expressing these proteins have illuminated neurodegenerative disease processes but, unlike in humans, quantitative imaging has been little used to(More)
MRI time series experiments produce a wealth of information contained in two or three spatial dimensions that evolve over time. Such experiments can, for example, localize brain response to pharmacological stimuli, but frequently the spatiotemporal characteristics of the cerebral response are unknown a priori and variable, and thus difficult to evaluate(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the temporal and spatial pathological alterations within ischemic tissue using serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to determine the extent and duration of functional impairment using objective behavioral tests after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in the rat. MRI signatures derived from(More)
MRI can accurately and reproducibly assess cardiac function in rodents but requires relatively long imaging times. Therefore, parallel imaging techniques using a 4-element RF-coil array and MR sequences for cardiac MRI in rats were implemented at ultra-high magnetic fields (9.4 Tesla [T]). The hypothesis that these developments would result in a major(More)
Angiogenesis is an essential component of tumour growth and, consequently, an important target both therapeutically and diagnostically. The cell adhesion molecule α(v)β(3) integrin is a specific marker of angiogenic vessels and the most prevalent vascular integrin that binds the amino acid sequence arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD). Previous studies(More)
Tumor-infiltrating immune cells play important roles in metastasis. We have recently revealed the recruitment of a specific myeloid cell subset (CD11b/Gr1(mid)) to hepatic metastases. Such a recruitment relies on CCL2/CCR2 signaling and acts to sustain metastatic growth. A similar cell subset was identified in patients bearing hepatic metastases of(More)
INTRODUCTION The F3 peptide (KDEPQRRSARLSAKPAPPKPEPKPKKAPAKK), a fragment of the human high mobility group protein 2, binds nucleolin. Nucleolin is expressed in the nuclei of normal cells but is also expressed on the membrane of some cancer cells. The goal was to investigate the use of 111In-labeled F3 peptide for Auger electron-targeted radiotherapy. (More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical imaging requires anaesthesia to reduce motion-related artefacts. For direct translational relevance, anaesthesia must not significantly alter experimental outcome. This study reports on the effects of both anaesthetic and carrier gas upon the uptake of [⁶⁴Cu]-CuATSM, [(⁹⁹m)Tc]-HL91 and [¹⁸F]-FMISO in a preclinical model of tumor(More)
INTRODUCTION Preclinical in vivo CT is commonly used to visualise vessels at a macroscopic scale. However, it is prone to many artefacts which can degrade the quality of CT images significantly. Although some artefacts can be partially corrected for during image processing, they are best avoided during acquisition. Here, a novel imaging cradle and tumour(More)
PURPOSE To develop an MR-compatible resistive heater for temperature maintenance of anaesthetized animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS An MR-compatible resistive electrical heater was formed from a tightly-wound twisted pair wire, interfaced to a homeothermic maintenance controller. Fat-suppressed images and localized spectra were acquired with the twisted pair(More)