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In this paper, we present a control strategy using real-time feedback combined with feasible path planning to manipulate a type of microorganism, Tetrahymena pyriformis (T. pyriformis), as a micro-bio-robot using artificial magnetotaxis. Artificially magnetotactic T. pyriformis cells were created by the internalization of iron oxide nano particles.(More)
Lego Mindstorms robots kits are popular hands-on robotics tools for math, science and engineering education. The recently developed NXT system is much more powerful than the previous RCX system, and has great potential for scholarly research. In this paper, we investigated and tested the capabilities and limitations of NXT system for its application to(More)
Artificial magnetotactic Tetrahymena pyriformis GL (T. pyriformis) cells were created by the internalization of iron oxide nano particles and became controllable with a time-varying external magnetic field. Thus, T. pyriformis can be utilized as a cellular robot to conduct micro-scale tasks such as transportation and manipulation. To complete these tasks,(More)
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