Seamus Walsh

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At postconfluence, cultured bovine pericytes isolated from retinal capillaries form three-dimensional nodule-like structures that mineralize. Using a combination of Northern and Southern blotting, in situ hybridization, and immunofluorescence we have demonstrated that this process is associated with the stage-specific expression of markers of primitive(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of glucocorticoids (GCs) in the treatment of RA is a frequent cause of bone loss. In vitro, however, this same class of steroids has been shown to promote the recruitment and/or maturation of primitive osteogenic precursors present in the colony forming unit-fibroblastic (CFU-F) fraction of human bone and marrow. In an effort to reconcile(More)
Primitive cells of the osteoblast lineage are not well characterized but are known to be present within the STRO-1+ fraction of adult human bone and marrow. A survey of human osteosarcoma cell lines revealed that STRO-1 is expressed by MG-63 but not SaOS-2. Among murine cell lines tested, expression of STRO-1 was detected in the bipotential(More)
Autologous marrow stromal cells have been proposed as an adjuvant in the treatment of bone defects and diseases. This will require the development of culture conditions that permit their rapid expansion ex vivo while retaining their potential for further differentiation. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 has been proposed as a candidate for the ex vivo(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are among the most abundant growth factors present in bone. In vitro, bone-derived cells both produce and respond to IGFs I and II, suggesting that these growth factors play an autocrine role in the regulation of bone turnover. In vivo, however, particularly in adult bone, their sites of expression have not been well(More)
Cell-matrix interaction is crucial in regulating osteoblast differentiation and function. These interactions are themselves regulated, at least in part, by integrins. Although there are some data from mammalian models, few studies have compared integrin expression at different stages of the osteoblast lineage. Here, primary human mandibular osteoblast(More)
To investigate the capacity to hypertrophy and the satellite cell populations to change with age, the nucleo-cytoplasmic relationships and satellite cells were compared in skeletal muscles of young and elderly men before and after strength training. Vastus lateralis muscle biopsies were taken before and after 8 (young) or 16 weeks (elderly men) of strength(More)
In this investigation, the effect of immobilization on the structural biomechanical properties of the immature rabbit medial collateral ligament (MCL) was quantified. The right hindlimbs of ten, three-month-old female New Zealand White rabbits were immobilized. The hindlimbs of the first group (n = 5) were immobilized for one month, until the rabbits were(More)
We investigated the production of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) by cells derived from explants of human bone. Using an immunoradiometric assay (IRMA), PTHrP was detected in conditioned medium from cultures of bone-derived cells from 6 of 7 patients investigated in this study. PTHrP mRNA was identified in human bone cells using reverse(More)