Seagal Teitz-Tennenbaum

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Most studies of cancer stem cells (CSC) involve the inoculation of cells from human tumors into immunosuppressed mice, preventing an assessment on the immunologic interactions and effects of CSCs. In this study, we examined the vaccination effects produced by CSC-enriched populations from histologically distinct murine tumors after their inoculation into(More)
Treatment of C57BL/6 mice with cyclophosphamide (100 mg/kg) and fludarabine (200 mg/kg) induced nonmyeloablative lymphodepletion without inhibiting D5 melanoma tumor growth. Using this model, we found that induction of lymphopenia before adoptive transfer of ex vivo anti-CD3/CD28 activated and interleukin-2 expanded D5-G6 tumor draining lymph node cells(More)
The potent immunoregulatory properties of IL-10 can counteract protective immune responses and, thereby, promote persistent infections, as evidenced by studies of cryptococcal lung infection in IL-10-deficient mice. To further investigate how IL-10 impairs fungal clearance, the current study used an established murine model of C57BL/6J mice infected with(More)
We identified cancer stem cell (CSC)-enriched populations from murine melanoma D5 syngeneic to C57BL/6 mice and the squamous cancer SCC7 syngeneic to C3H mice using ALDEFLUOR/ALDH as a marker, and tested their immunogenicity using the cell lysate as a source of antigens to pulse dendritic cells (DCs). DCs pulsed with ALDH(high) CSC lysates induced(More)
Using murine tumor-draining lymph node (TDLN) cells, we investigated the polarization effect of 4-1BB (CD137) during CD28 costimulation in generating antitumor T cells. Costimulation of TDLN cells through the newly induced 4-1BB molecules, CD3, and CD28 using monoclonal antibodies significantly enhanced cell proliferation. The greater cell yield with 4-1BB(More)
Using syngeneic murine tumor models established in immunocompetent hosts, we showed that cancer stem cells are immunogenic and can be selectively targeted by dendritic cell-based vaccines. This new approach induced both humoral and cellular immune responses and conferred significantly superior antitumor immunity as compared with conventional vaccines.
We examined whether radiotherapy (RT) could enhance the efficacy of dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy of cancer. Mice bearing s.c. D5 melanoma or MCA 205 sarcoma tumors were treated with intratumoral (i.t.) injections of bone marrow-derived unpulsed DCs in combination with local fractionated tumor irradiation. DC administration alone slightly(More)
Patients with acquired deficiency in GM-CSF are susceptible to infections with Cryptococcus neoformans and other opportunistic fungi. We previously showed that GM-CSF protects against progressive fungal disease using a murine model of cryptococcal lung infection. To better understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms through which GM-CSF enhances(More)
Interleukin (IL)-21 modulates T-cell–associated, B-cell– associated, and natural killer cell–associated immunity. However, the potential of IL-21 to simultaneously stimulate cellular and humoral antitumor responses and the mechanisms involved have not yet been adequately explored. In this report, we examined the immune-modulating effect of IL-21 when used(More)
Activation of immunomodulatory pathways in response to invasive fungi can impair clearance and promote persistent infections. The programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) signaling pathway inhibits immune effector responses against tumors, and immune checkpoint inhibitors that block this pathway are being increasingly used as cancer therapy. The objective of(More)