Se-hoon Hong

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Autophagy has been implicated in the ageing process, but whether autophagy activation extends lifespan in mammals is unknown. Here we show that ubiquitous overexpression of Atg5, a protein essential for autophagosome formation, extends median lifespan of mice by 17.2%. We demonstrate that moderate overexpression of Atg5 in mice enhances autophagy, and that(More)
Identification of the cellular mechanisms that mediate cancer cell chemosensitivity is important for developing new cancer treatment strategies. Several chemotherapeutic drugs increase levels of the posttranslational modifier ISG15, which suggests that ISGylation could suppress oncogenesis. However, how ISGylation of specific target proteins controls(More)
In neurodegenerative diseases like AD, tau forms neurofibrillary tangles, composed of tau protein. In the AD brain, activated caspases cleave tau at the 421th Asp, generating a caspase-cleaved form of tau, TauC3. Although TauC3 is known to assemble rapidly into filaments in vitro, a role of TauC3 in vivo remains unclear. Here, we generated a transgenic(More)
Despite the fact that the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family member ERBB3 (HER3) is deregulated in many cancers, the list of ERBB3-interacting partners remains limited. Here, we report that the Apaf-1-interacting protein (APIP) stimulates heregulin-β1 (HRG-β1)/ERBB3-driven cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. APIP levels are frequently increased in human(More)
Mitochondrial proteins function as essential regulators in apoptosis. Here, we show that mitochondrial adenylate kinase 2 (AK2) mediates mitochondrial apoptosis through the formation of an AK2-FADD-caspase-10 (AFAC10) complex. Downregulation of AK2 attenuates etoposide- or staurosporine-induced apoptosis in human cells, but not that induced by(More)
In Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathy, abnormal Tau proteins form intracellular aggregates and Tau filaments. However, the mechanisms that regulate Tau aggregation are not fully understood. In this paper, we show that POLDIP2 is a novel regulator of Tau aggregation. From a cell-based screening using cDNA expression library, we isolated POLDIP2 which(More)
Adenylate kinase 2 (AK2), which balances adenine nucleotide pool, is a multi-functional protein. Here we show that AK2 negatively regulates tumour cell growth. AK2 forms a complex with dual-specificity phosphatase 26 (DUSP26) phosphatase and stimulates DUSP26 activity independently of its AK activity. AK2/DUSP26 phosphatase protein complex dephosphorylates(More)
p21-Activated kinase 1 (PAK1) is a serine/threonine protein kinase implicated in cytoskeletal remodeling and cell motility. Recent studies have shown that it also promotes cell proliferation, regulates apoptosis, and increases cell transformation and invasion. In this study, we showed that NOTCH1 intracellular domain (NOTCH1-IC) negatively regulated PAK1(More)
Proteasome is a protein degradation complex that plays a major role in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Despite extensive efforts to identify protein substrates that are degraded through ubiquitination, the regulation of proteasome activity itself under diverse signals is poorly understood. In this study, we have isolated iRhom1 as a stimulator of(More)
Since its discovery in 1995, TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has sparked growing interest among oncologists due to its remarkable ability to induce apoptosis in malignant human cells, but not in most normal cells. However, one major drawback is its fast clearance rate in vivo Thus, the development of an alternative means of delivery may(More)