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Copper electrodes with a micromesh/nanomesh structure were fabricated on a polyimide substrate using UV lithography and wet etching to produce flexible transparent conducting electrodes (TCEs). Well-defined mesh electrodes were realized through the use of high-quality Cu thin films. The films were fabricated using radio-frequency (RF) sputtering with a(More)
One-dimensional magnetoplasmonic nanochains (MPNCs) were self-assembled using Au-coated Fe3O4 core-shell superparamagnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@Au NPs) by applying an external static magnetic field. The assembly mechanism of the Fe3O4@Au NPs was investigated thoroughly, revealing that substrate-particle interactions, van der Waals forces, and magnetic(More)
Copper (Cu) thin films have been widely used as electrodes and interconnection wires in integrated electronic circuits, and more recently as substrates for the synthesis of graphene. However, the ultra-high vacuum processes required for high-quality Cu film fabrication, such as molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), restricts mass production with low cost. In this(More)
In this study, we present dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with improved efficiencies by using SnO2/TiO2 composite photoanodes containing SnO2 at various concentrations. The composites consisted of hollow nanofibers (h-NFs) of SnO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs). The combination of the large surface area of the NPs and the efficient charge transport in the(More)
Hydrogen-treated ZnCoO shows magnetic behavior, which is related to the formation of Co-H-Co complexes. However, it is not well known how the complexes are connected to each other and with what directional behavior they are ordered. In this point of view, ZnCoO nanowire is an ideal system for the study of the magnetic anisotropy. ZnCoO nanowire was(More)
We investigated conversion of Co 3 O 4 to Co nanoclusters through hydrogen reduction. Quantitative analysis is performed on the conversion of Co 3 O 4 to Co metal as a function of hydrogen-injection conditions. Our results reveal that Co 3 O 4 must be completely eliminated to avoid formation of the metal phase in ZnCoO. We also propose a new MeT curve based(More)
The circuitry and components of a Hall measurement kit were replaced with single-crystal copper (SCC) wires and parts prepared by a novel wire fabrication process. This process preserved the grain-free structure of SCC grown by the Czochralski method. The new kit was used to determine, with greatly improved precision, the electrical coefficients such as(More)
Nanofibers containing cell nutrients (PGDs) were fabricated by mixing 5 wt% poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (P), 4 wt% gelatin (G), and 0-2.4 wt% Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (D). The contact angles showed a considerable decrease from 118.4 degrees on the P scaffold to 17.6 degrees on PGD1.6 (containing 1.6 wt% D). The weight loss ratios between PGD1.6 and(More)