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In Escherichia coli, the dinB gene is required for the SOS-induced lambda untargeted mutagenesis pathway and confers a mutator phenotype to the cell when the gene product is overexpressed. Here, we report that the purified DinB protein is a DNA polymerase. This novel E. coli DNA polymerase (pol IV) is shown to be strictly distributive, devoid of(More)
dinP is an Escherichia coli gene recently identified at 5.5 min of the genetic map, whose product shows a similarity in amino acid sequence to the E. coli UmuC protein involved in DNA damage-induced mutagenesis. In this paper we show that the gene is identical to dinB, an SOS gene previously localized near the lac locus at 8 min, the function of which was(More)
DNA polymerase IV (pol IV) in Escherichia coli is a member of a novel family of DNA polymerases (the DinB/UmuC/Rad30/Rev1 super-family or the DNA polymerase Y family). Although expression of the dinB gene encoding DNA pol IV is known to result in an enhancement of untargeted mutagenesis, it remains uncertain whether DNA pol IV is involved in a variety of(More)
The hOGG1 gene encodes a DNA glycosylase that excises 8-hydroxyguanine (oh8Gua) from damaged DNA. Structural analyses of the hOGG1 gene and its transcripts were performed in normal and lung cancer cells. Due to a genetic polymorphism at codon 326, hOGG1-Ser326 and hOGG1-Cys326 proteins were produced in human cells. Activity in the repair of oh8Gua was(More)
In pancreatic beta-cells, the syntaxin 6 (Syn6) soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor is distributed in the trans-Golgi network (TGN) (with spillover into immature secretory granules) and endosomes. A possible Syn6 requirement has been suggested in secretory granule biogenesis, but the role of Syn6 in live regulated secretory(More)
We report the cloning of a human homolog of the yeast OGGC1 gene, which encodes a DNA glycosylase that excises an oxidatively damaged form of guanine, 8-hydroxyguanine (also known as 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine). Since the deduced amino acid sequence (68 amino acids) of a human expressed sequence tag, N55394, matched a short stretch of yeast OGG1 protein with(More)
Adenine paired with 8-hydroxyguanine (oh(8)G), a major component of oxidative DNA damage, is excised by MYH base excision repair protein in human cells. Since repair activity of MYH protein on an A:G mismatch has also been reported, we compared the repair activity of His(6)-tagged MYH proteins, expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda Sf21 cells, on A:oh(8)G and(More)
NF-kappaB/Rel transcription factors are linked to innate immune responses and APC activation. Whether and how the induction of NF-kappaB signaling in normal CD4(+) T cells regulates effector function are not well-understood. The liberation of NF-kappaB dimers from inhibitors of kappaB (IkappaBs) constitutes a central checkpoint for physiologic regulation of(More)
8-Hydroxyguanine (7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine: oh8Gua) is a damaged form of guanine induced by oxygen-free radicals and causes GC to TA transversions. Previously we isolated the hOGG1 gene, a human homolog of the yeast OGG1 gene, which encodes a DNA glycosylase and lyase to excise oh8Gua in DNA. In this study, we isolated a mouse homolog (Ogg1) of the OGG1(More)
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