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The goal of this study was to develop a gene delivery imaging system that targets hepatocytes to help diagnose and treat various liver diseases. To this end, we prepared superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO)-loaded with water-soluble chitosan (WSC)-linoleic acid (LA) nanoparticles (SCLNs) that formed gene complexes capable of localizing(More)
This study investigated the usefulness of 99mTc hydrazinonicotinamide-galactosylated chitosan (HGC) in hepatocyte imaging. HGC was obtained by coupling the galactose moiety of both lactobionic acid and succinimidyl 6-hydrazinonicotinate hydrochloride (succinimidyl HYNIC). The coupled product was then radiolabeled with 99mTc using stannous chloride and(More)
Ghrelin is a novel gut-brain peptide that has somatotropic, orexigenic, and adipogenic effects. We examined the preproghrelin Leu72Met polymorphism in 222 obese Korean children to determine whether it is associated with obesity. The frequencies of the Leu72Met polymorphism were 29.3% in obese, 32.3% in overweight, and 32.5% in lean Korean children. No(More)
The aim of this study was to ascertain the folate receptor (FR) targetability by an in vitro study and to acquire FR-targeted images in vivo models by using synthetic folate conjugates. PEG-folate was synthesized and labeled with (99m)Tc and fluorescein isothiocynate (FITC). Cell uptake studies were carried out in KB cells (FR-positive) and A549 cells(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a novel polymeric magnetic nanoprobe as an MRI contrast agent to target hepatocytes, as well as to evaluate the targeting ability of the nanoprobe with MRI in vivo. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocrystals (SPIONs) were synthesized by a thermal decomposition and seed growth method. An(More)
Parthenolide (PT), a NF-κB inhibitor, has recently been demonstrated as a promising anticancer agent that promotes apoptosis of cancer cells. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been a drug of choice for treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). Unfortunately, many of the therapies that use 5-FU alone or in combination with other agents are likely to become ineffective(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising cancer therapeutic agent. Recombinant human TRAIL has been evaluated in clinical trials, however, various malignant tumors are resistant to TRAIL. Parthenolide (PT) has recently been demonstrated as a highly effective anticancer agent and has been suggested to be used for(More)
PURPOSE The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of ligand-dependent transcription factors, and its role in adipogenesis and glucose metabolism has been well established. PPAR-gamma agonists have been shown to inhibit many cytokines and to have anti-inflammatory effects. In pathologic(More)
Transferrin is one of acute phase reactants in inflamed lesion. Expression of transferrin receptor is increased in activated macrophage during inflammation process. Conjugates of target ligand with novel water-soluble chitosan for fast excretion of background radioactivity have been shown to be selectively taken up via the target molecules. In this study,(More)
Parthenolide (PT), a principal active component in medicinal plants, has been used conventionally to treat migraine and inflammation. This component has recently been reported to induce apoptosis in cancer cells, through mitochondrial dysfunction. In the present study, we investigated PT-mediated cell death signaling pathway by focusing on the involvement(More)