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The aim of this study was to ascertain the folate receptor (FR) targetability by an in vitro study and to acquire FR-targeted images in vivo models by using synthetic folate conjugates. PEG-folate was synthesized and labeled with (99m)Tc and fluorescein isothiocynate (FITC). Cell uptake studies were carried out in KB cells (FR-positive) and A549 cells(More)
The goal of this study was to develop a gene delivery imaging system that targets hepatocytes to help diagnose and treat various liver diseases. To this end, we prepared superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO)-loaded with water-soluble chitosan (WSC)-linoleic acid (LA) nanoparticles (SCLNs) that formed gene complexes capable of localizing(More)
Parthenolide (PT), a NF-κB inhibitor, has recently been demonstrated as a promising anticancer agent that promotes apoptosis of cancer cells. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been a drug of choice for treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). Unfortunately, many of the therapies that use 5-FU alone or in combination with other agents are likely to become ineffective(More)
PURPOSE The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of ligand-dependent transcription factors, and its role in adipogenesis and glucose metabolism has been well established. PPAR-gamma agonists have been shown to inhibit many cytokines and to have anti-inflammatory effects. In pathologic(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a novel polymeric magnetic nanoprobe as an MRI contrast agent to target hepatocytes, as well as to evaluate the targeting ability of the nanoprobe with MRI in vivo. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocrystals (SPIONs) were synthesized by a thermal decomposition and seed growth method. An(More)
Parthenolide (PT), a principal active component in medicinal plants, has been used conventionally to treat migraine and inflammation. This component has recently been reported to induce apoptosis in cancer cells, through mitochondrial dysfunction. In the present study, we investigated PT-mediated cell death signaling pathway by focusing on the involvement(More)
Ghrelin is a novel gut-brain peptide that has somatotropic, orexigenic, and adipogenic effects. We examined the preproghrelin Leu72Met polymorphism in 222 obese Korean children to determine whether it is associated with obesity. The frequencies of the Leu72Met polymorphism were 29.3% in obese, 32.3% in overweight, and 32.5% in lean Korean children. No(More)
Parthenolide (PT) is responsible for the bioactivities of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium). Apart from its potent anti-inflammatory effects, this compound has been reported to induce apoptosis in various cancer cells. However, little is known about its role in the process of tumor angiogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the effects and potential(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Balsalazide is an anti-inflammatory drug used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Balsalazide can reduce inflammatory responses via several mechanisms, including inhibition of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity. Parthenolide (PT) inhibits NF-κB and exerts promising anticancer effects by promoting apoptosis. The present(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Combination therapy utilizing tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in conjunction with other anticancer agents, is a promising strategy to overcome TRAIL resistance in malignant cells. Recently, parthenolide (PT) has proved to be a promising anticancer agent, and several studies have explored its use in(More)