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Rifaximin has been reported to be effective for the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in Europe. However, it is unknown whether Rifaximin is effective for the treatment of HE in Koreans, therefore we conducted a open-label prospective randomized study to evaluate the efficacy of rifaximin versus lactulose in Korean patients. Fifty-four patients with(More)
PURPOSE This study sought to evaluate the accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for preoperative staging of extrahepatic bile duct (EHD) carcinoma and to assess the value of coronal reformations from isotropic voxels. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty patients with surgically proven EHD cancer underwent dynamic MDCT with coronal reformation. Two(More)
BACKGROUND Lack of established guidelines for endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) may be a reason for aversion of its use in removal of large common bile duct (CBD) stones. AIMS We sought to identify factors predictive of adverse events (AEs) following EPLBD. METHODS This multicenter retrospective study investigated 946 consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Biliary tract carcinoma is an aggressive cancer, with median survival rarely exceeding 6 months. There is currently no established palliative standard of care. A Phase II trial was conducted to study a combination of oral capecitabine and gemcitabine (CapGem) as first-line therapy in patients with advanced and/or metastatic biliary carcinoma. (More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilatation (EPLBD) after endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) has recently become widely used for common bile duct (CBD) stone removal, but many clinicians remain concerned about post-procedural pancreatitis with increasing the balloon size to over 15 mm. AIMS We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of EPLBD(More)
BACKGROUND Paclitaxel, with its antitumor effect, may improve the function of metallic stents used for biliary drainage. However, clinical studies that use metallic stents covered with a paclitaxel-incorporated membrane (MSCPM) in the biliary tract of human beings have not been previously carried out. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of an(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas has a favorable prognosis, but seems to be associated with a high incidence of extrapancreatic tumors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and clinicopathological features of extrapancreatic tumors associated with IPMN. METHODS Thirty-seven patients with(More)
Biliary tract carcinoma is often diagnosed at an advanced stage, and there is currently no established palliative standard of care. This phase II study investigated the efficacy and safety of combination chemotherapy of oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in biliary tract carcinoma. Patients with unresectable or recurrent biliary tract(More)
BACKGROUND The placement of a self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) is a widely used nonsurgical treatment method in patients with unresectable malignant biliary obstructions but SEMS is susceptible to occlusion by tumor ingrowth or overgrowth. AIM The efficacy and safety of a metallic stent covered with a paclitaxel-incorporated membrane (MSCPM) in which(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of adjuvant therapy on the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) after curative resection (RO) of patients with TNM stage II gallbladder (GB) cancer. METHODS A total of 160 patients who had received curative resection (RO) between January 2000 and December 2009 were(More)