Learn More
WRN-1 is the Caenorhabditis elegans homolog of the human Werner syndrome protein, a RecQ helicase, mutations of which are associated with premature aging and increased genome instability. Relatively little is known as to how WRN-1 functions in DNA repair and DNA damage signaling. Here, we take advantage of the genetic and cytological approaches in C.(More)
Mice and cattle with genetic deficiencies in myostatin exhibit dramatic increases in skeletal muscle mass, suggesting that myostatin normally suppresses muscle growth. Whether this increased muscling results from prenatal or postnatal lack of myostatin activity is unknown. Here we show that myostatin circulates in the blood of adult mice in a latent form(More)
Myostatin, a transforming growth factor-beta family member, is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. To explore the therapeutic potential of targeting myostatin in settings of muscle degeneration, we crossed myostatin null mutant mice with mdx mice, a model for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Mdx mice lacking myostatin were stronger and(More)
Myostatin is a transforming growth factor-beta family member that normally acts to limit skeletal muscle growth. Mice genetically engineered to lack myostatin activity have about twice the amount of muscle mass throughout the body, and similar effects are seen in cattle, sheep, dogs, and a human with naturally occurring loss-of-function mutations in the(More)
BACKGROUND Myostatin (Mstn) and growth/differentiation factor 11 (Gdf11) are highly related transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) family members that play important roles in regulating embryonic development and adult tissue homeostasis. Despite their high degree of sequence identity, targeted mutations in these genes result in non-overlapping phenotypes(More)
A new feature based map building model that uses only the footprints of sparse sonar data has been developed and implemented. An arc feature association model was developed, which associates two sonar footprints into an arc feature. The association model provides information on the regions of center points of the arc feature. The information makes it(More)
VIDEO ABSTRACT The VAPB/ALS8 major sperm protein domain (vMSP) is implicated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy, yet its function in the nervous system is not well understood. In Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila, the vMSP is cleaved from its transmembrane anchor and secreted in a cell type-specific fashion. We show that vMSPs(More)
Skeletal muscle wasting is a major component of cachectic states found in a variety of disease settings, including cancer. As increasing caloric intake often provides little benefit in combating muscle loss in cachectic patients, a major research focus has been to develop strategies stimulating muscle anabolic pathways - in an attempt to fight the catabolic(More)