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The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily encompasses a large group of growth and differentiation factors playing important roles in regulating embryonic development and in maintaining tissue homeostasis in adult animals. Using degenerate polymerase chain reaction, we have identified a new murine TGF-beta family member,(More)
Myostatin (GDF-8) is a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily of secreted growth and differentiation factors that is essential for proper regulation of skeletal muscle mass in mice. Here we report the myostatin sequences of nine other vertebrate species and the identification of mutations in the coding sequence of bovine myostatin in two(More)
Myostatin is a transforming growth factor-beta family member that acts as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. To identify possible myostatin inhibitors that may have applications for promoting muscle growth, we investigated the regulation of myostatin signaling. Myostatin protein purified from mammalian cells consisted of a noncovalently held(More)
  • Se-Jin Lee
  • Annual review of cell and developmental biology
  • 2004
Myostatin is a secreted protein that acts as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. During embryogenesis, myostatin is expressed by cells in the myotome and in developing skeletal muscle and acts to regulate the final number of muscle fibers that are formed. During adult life, myostatin protein is produced by skeletal muscle, circulates in the blood,(More)
The bones that comprise the axial skeleton have distinct morphological features characteristic of their positions along the anterior/posterior axis. We previously described a novel TGF-beta family member, myostatin (encoded by the gene Mstn, formerly Gdf8), that has an essential role in regulating skeletal muscle mass. We also identified a gene related to(More)
Myostatin is a TGF-beta family member that acts as a negative regulator of muscle growth. Mice lacking the myostatin gene (Mstn) have a widespread increase in skeletal muscle mass resulting from a combination of muscle fiber hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Here we show that Mstn-null mice have a significant reduction in fat accumulation with increasing age(More)
Myostatin, a transforming growth factor-beta family member, is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. To explore the therapeutic potential of targeting myostatin in settings of muscle degeneration, we crossed myostatin null mutant mice with mdx mice, a model for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Mdx mice lacking myostatin were stronger and(More)
The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily encompasses a large group of structurally related polypeptides that are capable of regulating cell growth and differentiation in a wide range of embryonic and adult tissues. Growth/differentiation factor-1 (Gdf-1, encoded by Gdf1) is a TGF-beta family member of unknown function that was originally(More)
Growth/differentiation factor-10 (GDF-10) is a TGF-beta family member highly related to bone morphogenetic protein-3. In order to determine the biological function of GDF-10, we carried out a detailed analysis of the expression pattern of GDF-10 and characterized GDF-10-null mice that we generated by gene targeting. During embryogenesis GDF-10 is expressed(More)