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Regulatory T cell (Treg) is a subset of CD4+ T lymphocytes expressing CD25 with immunosuppressive activity. However the function of Tregs onto osteoclastogenesis remains unknown. We investigated the effect and regulatory mechanism of Treg focusing on osteoclastogenesis from PBMCs. Tregs were isolated from PBMCs by magnetic cell sorting-column and analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of mast cells through the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI) underlies atopic allergic reactions. Curcumin can block this activation, but the mechanism and the effects of curcumin on IgE-mediated allergic reactions are unknown. OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the antiallergic activity of curcumin in vivo and its mechanism(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a recently discovered cytokine that appears to play a critical role in human rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is highly expressed in synovium and fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from RA patients, but not in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). This study was undertaken to assess IL-32 levels in RA synovial fluid (SF) and to(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common metabolic syndromes and is characterized by the accumulation of hepatic triglycerides (TG), which result from an imbalance between uptake, synthesis, export, and oxidation of fatty acids. Curcumin is a polyphenol derived from the herbal remedy and dietary spice(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the effects of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and antiinflammatory cytokines on human osteoclastogenesis through their effects on receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB (RANK), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and RANK ligand (RANKL). METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA)(More)
Interleukin (IL)-33 is a recently described pro-inflammatory cytokine. Here we demonstrate IL-33 as a regulator of functional osteoclasts (OCs) from human CD14+ monocytes. IL-33 stimulates formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)+ multinuclear OCs from monocytes. This action was suppressed by anti-ST2 antibody, suggesting that IL-33 acts(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Sinomenine is an alkaloid compound and a prominent anti-inflammatory agent found in the root of the climbing plant Sinomenium acutum. However, its effects on the mechanism of human mast cell line (HMC)-1-mediated inflammation remained unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS To provide insight into the biological effects of sinomenine, we(More)
The extract of Pyrolae herba (PH), which has been used as an anti-inflammatory folk remedy in Korea and China, was investigated for its anti-inflammatory action using arachidonic acid, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate or carrageenan-induced edema assays. The anti-nociceptive activity of PH was also tested in mice using the acetic acid-induced writhing(More)
The therapeutic effects of alpha-lipoic acid (alpha-LA) via NF-kappa B down regulation were demonstrated on joint inflammation and erosion in an animal model. In this study, we investigated how alpha-LA inhibits the pathway of NF-kappa B activation by TNF-alpha via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in rheumatoid arthritis (RA)(More)
We investigated whether oral administration of curcumin suppressed type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice and its effect and mechanism on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 production in CIA mice, RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), and chondrocytes. CIA in mice was suppressed by oral administration of curcumin in a dose-dependent(More)