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We review the anatomical and archaeological evidence for an early population bottleneck in humans and bracket the time when it could have occurred. We outline the subsequent demographic changes that the archaeological evidence of range expansions and contractions address, and we examine how inbreeding effective population size provides an alternative view(More)
In order to examine the possibility of multiple founding populations of anatomically modern Homo sapiens, we collected DNA sequence data from 10 X-chromosomal regions, 5 autosomal regions, and 1 Y-chromosomal region, in addition to mitochondrial DNA. Except for five regions which are genealogically uninformative and two other regions for which chimpanzee(More)
Mixing enhancement has drawn great attention from designers of micromixers, since the flow in a microchannel is usually characterized by a low Reynolds number (Re) which makes the mixing quite a difficult task to accomplish. In this paper, a novel integrated efficient micromixer named serpentine laminating micromixer (SLM) has been designed, simulated,(More)
In this work we introduce a novel microfluidic enzyme linked immunoassays (ELISA) microplate as the next generation assay platform for unparalleled assay performances. A combination of microfluidic technology with standard SBS-configured 96-well microplate architecture, in the form of microfluidic microplate technology, allows for the improvement of ELISA(More)
Plastic materials have the potential to substitute for glass substrates used in microfluidic and microTAS systems adding flexibility in materials' choices. Optical quality plastic materials with a low autofluorescence are crucial for optimal detection by fluorescence and laser induced fluorescence techniques. This paper summarizes a series of optical(More)
We develop a novel approach to identify regions of the genome underlying population genetic differentiation in any genetic data where the underlying population structure is unknown, or where the interest is assessing divergence along a gradient. By combining the statistical framework for genome-wide association studies (GWASs) with eigenvector decomposition(More)
The patients of cardiovascular diseases is being on the rise due to the environmental changes and other several causes so that the death toll due to the diseases belongs to the big 3 causes of adults death in Korea. To be helpful to the prevention of the heart diseases, we hope to diagnose the cardiovascular diseases via the web applying the examination by(More)
Blood typing is the most important test for both transfusion recipients and blood donors. In this paper, a low cost disposable blood typing integrated microfluidic biochip has been designed, fabricated and characterized. In the biochip, flow splitting microchannels, chaotic micromixers, reaction microchambers and detection microfilters are fully integrated.(More)
A new low-dimensional feature representation technique is presented in this paper. Linear discriminant analysis is a popular feature extraction method. However, in the case of high dimensional data, the computational difficulty and the small sample size problem are often encountered. In order to solve these problems, we propose two dimensional direct LDA(More)