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We review the anatomical and archaeological evidence for an early population bottleneck in humans and bracket the time when it could have occurred. We outline the subsequent demographic changes that the archaeological evidence of range expansions and contractions address, and we examine how inbreeding effective population size provides an alternative view(More)
In order to examine the possibility of multiple founding populations of anatomically modern Homo sapiens, we collected DNA sequence data from 10 X-chromosomal regions, 5 autosomal regions, and 1 Y-chromosomal region, in addition to mitochondrial DNA. Except for five regions which are genealogically uninformative and two other regions for which chimpanzee(More)
In this work we introduce a novel microfluidic enzyme linked immunoassays (ELISA) microplate as the next generation assay platform for unparalleled assay performances. A combination of microfluidic technology with standard SBS-configured 96-well microplate architecture, in the form of microfluidic microplate technology, allows for the improvement of ELISA(More)
Blood typing is the most important test for both transfusion recipients and blood donors. In this paper, a low cost disposable blood typing integrated microfluidic biochip has been designed, fabricated and characterized. In the biochip, flow splitting microchannels, chaotic micromixers, reaction microchambers and detection microfilters are fully integrated.(More)
Mixing enhancement has drawn great attention from designers of micromixers, since the flow in a microchannel is usually characterized by a low Reynolds number (Re) which makes the mixing quite a difficult task to accomplish. In this paper, a novel integrated efficient micromixer named serpentine laminating micromixer (SLM) has been designed, simulated,(More)
We develop a novel approach to identify regions of the genome underlying population genetic differentiation in any genetic data where the underlying population structure is unknown, or where the interest is assessing divergence along a gradient. By combining the statistical framework for genome-wide association studies (GWASs) with eigenvector decomposition(More)
The patients of cardiovascular diseases is being on the rise due to the environmental changes and other several causes so that the death toll due to the diseases belongs to the big 3 causes of adults death in Korea. To be helpful to the prevention of the heart diseases, we hope to diagnose the cardiovascular diseases via the web applying the examination by(More)
Plastic materials have the potential to substitute for glass substrates used in microfluidic and microTAS systems adding flexibility in materials' choices. Optical quality plastic materials with a low autofluorescence are crucial for optimal detection by fluorescence and laser induced fluorescence techniques. This paper summarizes a series of optical(More)
OBJECTIVE The limited studies with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG)-PET reported results and interpretations that differed between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC). We investigated the correlation between preoperative PET results and postoperative prognosis, including early (time-to-recurrence<6 months) tumor(More)
In this work, a new method of rapidly fabricating thermopolymer and elastomer microfluidic channels has been developed and characterized for production of microfluidics with fixed aspect ratio and 3D tapered channels. A unique way to attain a desired channel depth by simply altering channel width is demonstrated. This rapid prototyping method is compatible(More)