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BACKGROUND Pain after laparoscopy is multifactorial and different treatments have been proposed to provide pain relief. Multimodal analgesia is now recommended to prevent and treat post-laparoscopy pain. Dexmedetomidine, an α2 agonist, has well-known anesthetic and analgesic-sparing effects. We evaluated the analgesic effect of perioperative dexmedetomidine(More)
BACKGROUND Pain after laparoscopy is multifactorial and different treatments have been proposed to provide pain relief. Multimodal analgesia is now recommended to prevent and treat post-laparoscopy pain. Dexamethasone is effective in reducing postoperative pain. The timing of steroid administration seems to be important. We evaluated the analgesic efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND The administration of a single dose of propofol is reported to be effective in decreasing the incidence and severity of emergence agitation (EA) in children following sevoflurane anesthesia. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of a single dose of propofol 1 mg/kg at the end of adenotonsillectomy for reducing the(More)
OBJECTIVE Fentanyl, a μ-opioid receptor agonist, is a substrate of P-glycoprotein. Its metabolism is catalyzed by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between postoperative fentanyl consumption and genetic polymorphisms of μ-opioid receptor (OPRM1), ABCB1 (gene encoding P-glycoprotein), CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 in Korean(More)
The use of ketamine may be associated with the recall of unpleasant dreams after sedation. We hypothesized that a positive suggestion before sedation could reduce the incidence of ketamine-induced unpleasant dreams. To test this hypothesis, we randomized 100 patients receiving sedation with ketamine for their procedure into 2 groups with 1 group having an(More)
BACKGROUND The main disadvantage of rocuronium is the pain associated with vascular injection. We evaluated the efficacy of palonosetron for reducing pain after rocuronium injection. METHODS EIGHTY PATIENTS SCHEDULED FOR ELECTIVE SURGERY WERE RANDOMLY DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS: Group C (normal saline 1.5 ml, n = 40) and Group P (palonosetron 0.075 mg, n =(More)
BACKGROUND This study was done to evaluate the effect on pain relief when acetaminophen was added to lidocaine for intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). METHODS SIXTY PATIENTS UNDERGOING HAND OR FOREARM SURGERY RECEIVED IVRA WERE ASSIGNED TO THREE GROUPS: Group C received 0.5% lidocaine diluted with 0.9% normal saline to a total volume of 40 ml (n =(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to compare the effect of dexmedetomidine and remifentanil used in anesthetic induction on hemodynamic change after direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. METHODS A total of 90 ASA class 1 or 2 patients were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups to receive one of the following treatments in a double-blind manner:(More)
BACKGROUND Sugammadex is a novel neuromuscular reversal agent, but its associated hypersensitivity reaction and high cost have been obstacles to its widespread use. In the interest of reducing the necessary dosage of sugammadex, the reversal time of the combined use of sugammadex and neostigmine from moderate neuromuscular blockade were investigated. (More)