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PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and reasons for self-medication with antibiotics within the last 12 months among primary healthcare center attendants aged 18 or over, in Ankara. METHODS A questionnaire was applied by face to face interview technique to 2696 subjects attending at five primary healthcare centers. Information on(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine nasopharyngeal carriage rates, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy 0 to 2 year-old infants who live within a rural or urban locale and not attending daycare centers. In order to evaluate the possible impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is used to evaluate the angiogenic activity in breast carcinoma. Nitric oxide (NO) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) are also implicated in breast tumorigenesis, including angiogenesis. We measured serum VEGF, IGF-I and nitrate+nitrite levels in 38 patients with metastatic and 23 with nonmetastatic breast(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep complaints are common in end-stage renal disease. We aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep-related complaints and inflammatory cytokines in haemodialysis (HD) patients, and also the effects of HD on sleep patterns and cytokine levels. METHODS Predialysis serum interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour(More)
Epilepsy is one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders of childhood and carries a strong social stigma. It has been generally accepted that educational programs can be beneficial in reducing the stigma of a number of chronic diseases such as epilepsy. In this article, we describe the first Turkish survey of primary school students' knowledge of(More)
Recently a parvovirus called bufavirus (BuV) has been implicated as a causative agent of diarrhoea. To further reveal the epidemiology and genetic characteristics of BuV, this study was performed in Turkish children with diarrhoea. BuV was detected in 1.4% (8/583) of stool samples. All stool samples from healthy children (n = 148) were negative for BuV.(More)
This aim of this study was to determine water usage behavior and incidence of diarrhea during the summer months among people in rural areas of Turkey. Information was collected using a questionnaire during face-to-face interviews with people aged 18 years and over in their homes. Diarrhea was detected in 31.7% of the 543 households included in the study in(More)
Rotavirus is the major cause of gastroenteritis in children worldwide as well as in Turkey. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of rotavirus infection in children with acute gastroenteritis and to investigate the prevalent rotavirus serotypes and electropherotypes. Stool specimens collected from 251 (108 female, 143 male) children age(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aim of present study is to evaluate the predictive and prognostic role of high [18F] fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) uptake of primary tumor and nodal metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (HNSCC). METHODOLOGY AND PATIENTS Between February 2006 and July 2010, we retrospectively evaluated 64 patients with primary HNSCC in an(More)
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of epilepsy in Turkey among children between the ages of 0 and 16 years. The study population consisted of 24,773,569 children living in Turkey. Because the prevalence of childhood epilepsy is reported to be 0.001 to 1% in the literature, the sample size was determined as 48,260, with(More)