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Platelets play an important, but often under-recognized role in cardiovascular disease. For example, the normal response of the platelet can be altered, either by increased pro-aggregatory stimuli or by diminished anti-aggregatory substances to produce conditions of increased platelet activation/aggregation and occur in active cardiovascular disease states(More)
Platelet hyporesponsiveness to the anti-aggregatory effects of nitric oxide (NO) occurs commonly in association with myocardial ischemia and coronary risk factors, often co-exists with endothelial dysfunction and represents an independent marker of long-term cardiovascular risk. We sought to determine whether polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which has been(More)
OBJECTIVES Using 2 sequential studies in HOPE (Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation) study-type patients, the aims of this study were: 1) to test the hypothesis that ramipril improves platelet nitric oxide (NO) responsiveness: and 2) to explore biochemical and physiological effects of ramipril in a cohort selected on the basis of platelet NO resistance. (More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess the determinants of platelet nitric oxide (NO) responsiveness in diabetic patients admitted with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and the short-term effects of aggressive glycemic control on these factors. BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia is an independent risk factor for mortality in both diabetic patients and nondiabetic(More)
BACKGROUND Energy drink consumption has been anecdotally linked with sudden cardiac death and, more recently, myocardial infarction. As myocardial infarction is strongly associated with both platelet and endothelial dysfunction, we tested the hypothesis that energy drink consumption alters platelet and endothelial function. METHODS Fifty healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE Nitric oxide (NO) is critically important in the regulation of vascular tone and the inhibition of platelet aggregation. We have shown previously that patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) or stable angina pectoris have impaired platelet responses to NO donors when compared with normal subjects. We tested the hypotheses that platelet(More)
OBJECTIVES The study examined possible clinical determinants of platelet resistance to nitric oxide (NO) donors in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) and acute coronary syndromes (ACS), relative to nonischemic patients and normal subjects. BACKGROUND We have shown previously that platelets from patients with SAP are resistant to the(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess the effect of atrial fibrillation (AF) on atrial thrombogenesis in humans by determining the impact of rate and rhythm. BACKGROUND Although AF is known to increase the risk of thromboembolic stroke from the left atrium (LA), the exact mechanisms remain poorly understood. METHODS We studied 55 patients with AF who underwent(More)
Perhexiline, a "metabolic" anti-anginal agent currently under investigation in management of congestive heart failure and acute coronary syndromes improves platelet nitric oxide responsiveness in patients with impaired responsiveness. The current study investigated possible interactions between perhexiline and the nitric oxide donor nitroglycerin on(More)
The coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) is associated with coronary microvascular dysfunction although the responsible mechanisms are unknown. This study compared endothelial function assessed by changes in augmentation index (AIx) following endothelium-independent (glyceryl trinitrate, GTN) and endothelium-dependent vasodilators (salbutamol), in 40 stable(More)