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BACKGROUND There is increasing international interest in the concept of mental well-being and its contribution to all aspects of human life. Demand for instruments to monitor mental well-being at a population level and evaluate mental health promotion initiatives is growing. This article describes the development and validation of a new scale, comprised(More)
The preconditions and early steps of meiotic chromosome pairing were studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with chromosome-specific DNA probes to mouse and human testis tissue sections. Premeiotic pairing of homologous chromosomes was not detected in spermatogonia of the two species. FISH with centromere- and telomere-specific DNA probes in(More)
CONTEXT Strategies for prevention of depression are hindered by lack of evidence about the combined predictive effect of known risk factors. OBJECTIVES To develop a risk algorithm for onset of major depression. DESIGN Cohort of adult general practice attendees followed up at 6 and 12 months. We measured 39 known risk factors to construct a risk model(More)
BACKGROUND Despite strong evidence for its effectiveness, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) remains difficult to access. Computerised programs have been developed to improve accessibility, but whether these interventions are responsive to individual needs is unknown. We investigated the effectiveness of CBT delivered online in real time by a therapist for(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that the prevalence of common mental disorders varies across Europe. AIMS To compare prevalence of common mental disorders in general practice attendees in six European countries. METHOD Unselected attendees to general practices in the UK, Spain, Portugal, Slovenia, Estonia and The Netherlands were assessed for major(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the effects of the physical environment on individual health. AIMS The present study tested the hypothesis that the prevalence of depression is associated with independently rated measures of the built environment, after adjusting for individuals' socio-economic status and the internal characteristics of their dwellings.(More)
BACKGROUND It has been hypothesised that the association between greater income inequality and increased mortality is mediated by poor psychosocial health. AIMS To test the hypothesis that individuals in regions of Britain with the highest income inequality have a higher prevalence of the common mental disorders, after adjusting for individual income. (More)
BACKGROUND Mental well-being underpins many aspects of health and social functioning, and is economically important. AIMS To describe mental well-being in a general population sample and to determine the extent to which mental well-being and mental illness are independent of one another. METHOD Secondary analysis of a survey of 7293 adults in England.(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is prevalent, costly and often undertreated. AIMS To test the hypothesis that people with low socio-economic status are least likely to receive and adhere to evidence-based treatments for depression, after controlling for clinical need. METHOD Individuals with an ICD-10 depressive episode in the past 12 months (n=866) were(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to investigate whether minority ethnic people were less likely to receive treatment for mental health problems than the white population were, controlling for symptom severity. METHOD We analysed data from 23,917 participants in the 1993, 2000 and 2007 National Psychiatric Morbidity Surveys. Survey response rates were(More)