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Fifty-eight patients suspected of having focal hepatic disease were studied prior to and following the intravenous administration of manganese (II) N,N'-dipyridoxylethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetate 5,5'-bis(phosphate) (DPDP), a hepatobiliary magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent. Four doses (3, 5, 8, or 10 mumol/kg) of Mn-DPDP were used to test the hypothesis(More)
Ninety-six patients with known or suspected focal hepatic disease were evaluated in a multiinstitutional study of manganese (II) N,N'-dipyridoxylethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetate 5,5'bis(phosphate) (DPDP) as a hepatic-specific contrast agent for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The patients were divided into four dose groups, receiving 3, 5, 8, or 10 mol/kg of(More)
PURPOSE To assess perflubron for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the abdomen and pelvis in a multicenter trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR images were obtained in 127 subjects before and after ingestion of perflubron with T1-, proton-density-, and T2-weighted sequences at 0.38, 1.0, or 1.5 T. Postcontrast images were compared with baseline images, and(More)
The efficacy of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting and characterizing, or excluding, hepatic masses was assessed in 404 patients, following the intravenous administration of mangafodipir trisodium (MnDPDP) injection, a hepatic MRI contrast agent. An initial contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination was followed by(More)
Gadolinium(III) texaphyrin (Gd-tex2+) is representative of a new class of radiation sensitizers detectable by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This porphyrin-like complex has a high electron affinity [E1/2 (red.) approximately = -0.08 V versus normal hydrogen electrode] and forms a long-lived pi-radical cation upon exposure to hydrated electrons, reducing(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Gadolinium III texaphyrin (Gd[III] texaphyrin) complex, a new magnetic resonance imaging contrast (MRI) agent, was evaluated. METHODS In vitro relaxivity (1.5 T) and stability studies (5% dextrose) were conducted. Subchronic toxicity (8 males, 8 females; 2-20 mumol Gd(III) texaphyrin complex/kg body weight; 3 times per week for 3(More)
PURPOSE To describe the cortical tangential approach to ultrasonographically (US) guided renal transplant biopsy and evaluate its efficacy in obtaining sufficient cortical tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS This HIPAA-compliant retrospective study was exempted from review by the institutional review board. Informed consent was not required. The number of core(More)
Efforts to develop satisfactory intraluminal gastrointestinal contrast agents for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging have focused on depicting only the bowel lumen to exclude possible involvement by a pathologic process. To determine whether the bowel wall can be adequately imaged with use of the contrast agent and whether bowel wall visualization is a better(More)
HYPOTHESIS A regression model based on computed tomographic (CT) findings alone can accurately predict the histologic severity of acute appendicitis in patients who have a high disease likelihood. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz. PATIENTS Consecutive sample of 105 patients (50 women and 55 men, aged 15-89 years)(More)