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Three hundred and fifty individuals of 12 species of cephalopods which differed in their feeding habitats were sampled from the French Atlantic coast to the sub-Arctic region (Bay of Biscay, English Channel, west Irish coast and Faroe Islands) and analysed for their cadmium contents. Comparison of the Cd levels of the cephalopods showed that those from the(More)
The composition and spatial distribution of various petroleum hydrocarbons (PHs), comprising both aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and selected chlorinated pesticides and PCBs were measured in biota and coastal sediments from seven countries in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman (Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and(More)
This review provides an assessment of sediment trap accuracy issues by gathering data to address trap hydrodynamics, the problem of zooplankton " swimmers, " and the solubilization of material after collection. For each topic, the problem is identified, its magnitude and causes reviewed using selected examples, and an update on methods to correct for the(More)
An assessment of marine contamination due to heavy metals was made in the Gulf and Gulf of Oman based on marine biota (fish and various bivalves) and coastal sediment collected in Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) during 2000-2001. Sediment metal loadings were generally not remarkable, although hot spots were noted in Bahrain (Cu, Hg,(More)
Biological effects of two structurally contrasting PCB congeners (coplanar 77 and non coplanar 153) were investigated by measuring the induction of CYP1A immunopositive protein (CYP1A IPP) in the pyloric caeca and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by amoebocytes in the common sea star Asterias rubens. CYP1A IPP was quantified using a specially(More)
Existing data on metal concentrations in mussels from subarctic, temperate, subtropical and tropical waters were analyzed using multivariate statistics in order to assess regional variations in metal contamination. Potential errors were reduced by only analyzing data from surveys that employed the same protocols, analytical methodologies and analysts.(More)
The impact of four PCB congeners: 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (IUPAC congener #77), 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (IUPAC #126), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (IUPAC #153) and 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (IUPAC #169) was investigated on the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by coelomocytes of the echinoid Paracentrotus lividus, an(More)
In relation to the previously observed higher Hg concentrations in the tissues of certain Mediterranean fish (e.g. mackerel and tuna) compared with the same species in the Atlantic, the evidence for anomolously high Hg contamination of the Mediterranean has been examined. Four aspects have been addressed: the reliability of analytical measurements; the(More)