Scott Victor Smith

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We used reverse transcription-coupled PCR to produce a high-resolution temporal map of fluctuations in mRNA expression of 112 genes during rat central nervous system development, focusing on the cervical spinal cord. The data provide a temporal gene expression "fingerprint" of spinal cord development based on major families of inter- and intracellular(More)
During cortical development, embryonic neurons migrate from germinal zones near the ventricle into the cortical plate, where they organize into layers. Mechanisms that direct neuronal migration may include molecules that act as chemoattractants. In rats, GABA, which localizes near the target destination for migrating cortical neurons, stimulates embryonic(More)
GABA emerges as a trophic signal during rat neocortical development in which it modulates proliferation of neuronal progenitors in the ventricular/subventricular zone (VZ/SVZ) and mediates radial migration of neurons from the VZ/SVZ to the cortical plate/subplate (CP/SP) region. In this study we investigated the role of GABA in the earliest phases of(More)
GABA is formed primarily from decarboxylation of glutamate by a family of cytosolic and membrane-bound GAD enzymes. In the adult, GAD-derived GABA sustains the vitality of the central nervous system (CNS), since blockage of GAD rapidly leads to convulsions and death. In plants, cytosolic GAD synthesizes GABA in response to hormones and environmental stress.(More)
During development, postmitotic neurons migrate from germinal regions into the cortical plate (cp), where lamination occurs. In rats, GABA is transiently expressed in the cp, near target destinations for migrating neurons. In vitro GABA stimulates neuronal motility, suggesting cp cells release GABA, which acts as a chemoattractant during corticogenesis.(More)
Resistance of bone to fracture--bone strength--has been shown to depend on both the amount of bone and its architectural spatial organization. In vivo magnetic resonance (MR) techniques have the capability of imaging bone tissue, including the trabecular microarchitecture and the marrow composition. We have applied in vivo and ex vivo MR methods to the(More)
Our objective was to test the short-term efficacy and feasibility of two stress-reduction approaches for the treatment of hypertension in older African Americans, focusing on subgroup analysis by sex and by high and low risk on six measures of hypertension risk: psychosocial stress, obesity, alcohol use, physical inactivity, dietary sodium-potassium ratio,(More)
The amino acid glutamate is a widespread excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain. It activates cation-selective channels expressed by nearly every neuron and by glial cells; also various second messenger cascades. Little is known about the ontogeny of glutamate neurotransmission during neurogenesis. We have analyzed the development and differentiation of(More)
Two patients with no history of previous bleeding diatheses presented with active bleeding from multiple body sites, declining hemoglobin levels, and markedly prolonged prothrombin times (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin times (aPTT) with incomplete correction on PT mix assays. Both patients demonstrated a severe deficiency of factor X (F.X) (<1%;(More)
Resting membrane potential (RMP), K+ channel contribution to RMP and the development of excitability were investigated in the entire population of acutely dissociated embryonic (E) rat cortical cells over E11-22 using a voltage-sensitive fluorescent indicator dye and flow cytometry. During the period of intense proliferation (E11-13), two cell(More)