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PURPOSE Current immunohistochemical (IHC)-based definitions of luminal A and B breast cancers are imperfect when compared with multigene expression-based assays. In this study, we sought to improve the IHC subtyping by examining the pathologic and gene expression characteristics of genomically defined luminal A and B subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS Gene(More)
PURPOSE The risk of local and regional relapse associated with each breast cancer molecular subtype was determined in a large cohort of patients with breast cancer. Subtype assignment was accomplished using a validated six-marker immunohistochemical panel applied to tissue microarrays. PATIENTS AND METHODS Semiquantitative analysis of estrogen receptor(More)
PURPOSE To compare the second malignancy incidence in prostate cancer patients treated with brachytherapy (BT) relative to radical prostatectomy (RP) and to compare both groups with the cancer incidence in the general population. METHODS AND MATERIALS From 1998 to 2010, 2418 patients were treated with Iodine 125 prostate BT monotherapy at the British(More)
We consider an ambulatory care unit (ACU) in a large cancer centre, where operational and resource utilization challenges led to overcrowding, excessive delays, and concerns regarding safety of critical patient care duties. We use simulation to analyze the simultaneous impact of operations, scheduling, and resource allocation on patient wait time, clinic(More)
We compared the long-term impact of 1- and 2-year screening mammography intervals using prognostic, screening, and outcome information for women aged 50-74 years obtained from the Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia in two time periods, prior to 1997 (policy of annual mammography) and after 1997 (biennial mammography). Survival was estimated(More)
PURPOSE To endorse Cancer Care Ontario's guideline on Active Surveillance for the Management of Localized Prostate Cancer. The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has a policy and set of procedures for endorsing clinical practice guidelines developed by other professional organizations. METHODS The Active Surveillance for the Management of(More)
PURPOSE To describe hospital bed utilization in the final 6 months of life in patients dying of cancer in Ontario, Canada. PATIENTS AND METHODS Hospital separation records were linked to a population-based cancer registry to identify factors associated with hospitalization in the 203,713 patients who died of cancer in Ontario between 1986 and 1998. (More)
BACKGROUND The Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia (SMPBC) implemented voluntary, facilitated referral to diagnostic imaging ("Fast Track") after testing 5 interventions to reduce time from an abnormal screening mammogram to diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to compare time intervals for patients evaluated through the Fast Track process(More)
PURPOSE To determine the value of the intent to include internal mammary nodes (IMNs) in the radiation therapy (RT) volume for patients receiving adjuvant locoregional (breast or chest wall plus axillary and supraclavicular fossa) RT for breast cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS 2413 women with node-positive or T3/4N0 invasive breast cancer, treated with(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether patients with Grade 3 early breast cancer have an inferior rate of local disease control at 10 years with hypofractionated radiotherapy compared with more conventionally fractionated schedules. METHODS AND MATERIALS Local relapse rates were compared between patients receiving hypofractionated radiotherapy or conventionally(More)