Scott T Baum

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Dietary restriction (DR) is currently the only paradigm that has consistently extended maximal life span and reduced the onset of age-related chronic diseases in all of the nonprimate species tested. Although it is controversial, some investigators have suggested that the underlying mechanisms may be mediated by adaptations in energy expenditure. We(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a familial disease. Affected males harbor some of the metabolic deficits seen in affected females. The prenatally androgenized (PA) female rhesus monkey, an animal model for PCOS, manifests glucoregulatory and reproductive abnormalities similar to those seen in PCOS women. The purpose of this study was to determine(More)
The antidiabetic effects of pioglitazone hydrochloride were evaluated in 6 spontaneously obese, insulin-resistant rhesus monkeys. The animals were studied during six successive 2-wk treatment phases separated by 2-wk rest periods: two placebo phases; 0.3, 1.0, and 3.0 mg.kg-1 x day-1 pioglitazone hydrochloride phases; and a final placebo phase. During the(More)
INTRODUCTION Prenatally androgenized (PA) female rhesus monkeys share metabolic abnormalities in common with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women. Early gestation exposure (E) results in insulin resistance, impaired pancreatic beta-cell function and type 2 diabetes, while late gestation exposure (L) results in supranormal insulin sensitivity that declines(More)
Body size and composition were measured in forty-one adult Rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in order to characterize changes that occur during later life for both genders. Data were obtained by traditional somatometric techniques and by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Representative monkeys were chosen within six categories defined by age (Young Adult, 6-9(More)
The hypothesis that spontaneous obesity in rhesus monkeys is associated with abnormalities in energy expenditure was tested. Obese (n=7) and non-obese (n=5) monkeys were described in terms of body size and composition, food intake, and physical activity. Additionally, the relationships among fasting and stimulated insulin levels in serum, C-peptide levels(More)