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Diacetyl is an important food flavor compound produced by certain strains of citrate-metabolizing lactic acid bacteria. Citrate is converted to pyruvate, from which diacetyl is produced via intermediate alpha-acetolactate. This paper reports the cloning and analysis of the gene (aldB) encoding alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase from Lactococcus lactis MG1363.(More)
The conversion of pyruvate to lactate is a key feature of lactococcal strains. The enzyme which facilitates this conversion, L-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the gene which encodes it (Idh), are therefore of great significance. This paper presents the cloning and DNA sequence analysis of three further lactococcal genes which are of key importance in the(More)
High-frequency conjugation of the lactose plasmid pLP712 is associated with a constitutive cell aggregation phenotype and is facilitated by cointegration with a sex factor. Analysis of 23 independently derived enlarged lactose plasmids revealed that the sex factor DNA present in cointegrates varied in size. This suggested that more than simple cointegration(More)
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; EC1.1.1.27) is a key enzyme in the fermentation of milk by lactic acid bacteria used in the dairy industry. An 800-bp DNA fragment containing part of the gene (ldh) encoding LDH was amplified from Lactococcus lactis in a polymerase chain reaction using primers designed from the partial amino acid sequence of a lactococcal LDH.(More)
This paper presents the sensor and control system for SR2, a planetary rover prototype capable of km+/day traverses through Mars-like terrain. The control system described allowed the rover to successfully navigate Mars-like terrain given a set of way-points spaced approximately 100m apart. The control system uses input from a variety of sensors including(More)
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