Scott Shafer

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Sixty-three male and 27 female adolescents known to have had neurological soft signs at the age of 7 years were compared with controls with no soft signs at age 7. Adolescents with early soft signs had significantly lower IQs and were more likely to have a psychiatric disorder characterized by anxiety, withdrawal, and depression. All the girls and 80%(More)
The validity and reliability of a scoring system for 'neurological soft signs' in teenagers was assessed. Six scales were adapted and fitted into the framework of a conventional neurological examination. The following emerged: each of the three multi-item scales had high internal consistency; inter-rater agreement on mirror movements of 'live' subjects was(More)
To assess 'soft-sign' persistence and its correlates outside a referred sample, 159 members of a local birth cohort of the United National Collaborative Perinatal Project were traced and their performance on six neurological test scales was measured at age 17 by examiners blind to their status at age seven. A comparison group was also formed, who had been(More)
hile Texas' surface water resources are limited and its groundwater resources are being depleted, its water needs are growing. In order to meet projected water needs, Texas must plan to use a combination of demand management, supply development, conservation, reuse, and recycling strategies. W This report presents the results from a survey of officials of(More)
We wrote a list of descriptive phrases to dichotomize admissions to a neurology service by a priori perceptions of risk of death within 30 days as "higher than average" versus "lower than average." In 500 consecutive admissions, the higher-risk list carried a 17-fold relative risk of death for the 20% of admissions so classified. The list is a valid and(More)
Fifty-nine patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis participated in a 12-month, double-blind crossover trial. The patients were given either levamisole 150 mg or placebo in identical tablets once a week orally, and a rating of neurologic signs and symptoms was recorded on monthly visits. The patients were crossed over at 6 months. Levamisole had no(More)