Scott Rutter

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Journal publications and conference presentations on prison-based syringe exchange (PSE) programmes were identified by a comprehensive search of electronic databases. Experts involved with development and evaluation of current PSE programmes or policy were contacted for reports, documents and unpublished material. Spanish information on PSE was translated(More)
A comparison of two types of fieldwork was undertaken with 26 social work students in a large urban hospital. The first group was assigned to a traditional, year long placement. The second group was assigned to three successive placements of approximately 10 weeks each. The impact of these two types of placement on students' general sense of self-efficacy,(More)
BACKGROUND The present study aimed to ascertain the acceptability to at-risk young people of self-collected urine samples as a means of testing for Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia); to determine the effectiveness of drop-off and outreach collection methods as a means of detecting and treating chlamydia; and to determine the rate of positive chlamydia tests(More)
The current study aimed to model the effect of Australia's first Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC) on acquisitive crime and loitering by drug users and dealers. The effect of the MSIC on drug-related property and violent crime was examined by conducting time series analysis of police-recorded trends in theft and robbery incidents, respectively.(More)
Data collected on cocaine in Australia in the mid to late 1980s, when law enforcement and treatment centres were concerned with possible increases in cocaine use, indicated a low prevalence of use. This article reports findings from the Australian component of the 1993-94 World Health Organization study entitled "Initiative on Cocaine", which provides an(More)
The Hospital Social Work Self-Efficacy Scale (HSWSE) was developed to assess social workers' confidence about their ability to perform hospital social work. The scale was originally tested with master's-level social work students. This partial replication and extension included both students and professional social workers. In addition, we used a new scale(More)
Four pigeons were exposed to various fixed-interval (FI) 30-s conditions which included a standard FI30-s condition. In all remaining conditions, a red "start" key light began the interval. Completion of various fixed ratios (FR) on the start key lit a green "work" key light. In Experiment 1, one peck on the start key lit the work key light. Mean(More)
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