OBJECTIVES Using 2 sequential studies in HOPE (Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation) study-type patients, the aims of this study were: 1) to test the hypothesis that ramipril improves platelet nitric oxide (NO) responsiveness: and 2) to explore biochemical and physiological effects of ramipril in a cohort selected on the basis of platelet NO resistance. … (More)
BACKGROUND Recent community-based research has linked aortic stiffness to the development of atrial fibrillation. We posit that aortic stiffness contributes to adverse atrial remodeling leading to the persistence of atrial fibrillation following catheter ablation in lone atrial fibrillation patients, despite the absence of apparent structural heart disease.… (More)
BACKGROUND No unified method exists to effectively predict and monitor progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We assessed the longitudinal relationship between a novel marker of cardiopulmonary reserve and established prognostic surrogate markers in patients with pulmonary vascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty participants with… (More)
BACKGROUND Impaired coagulation contributes to the morbidity and mortality associated with septic shock. Whether abnormal platelet contraction adds to the bleeding tendency is unknown. Platelets contract when Ca(2+)-dependent myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) phosphorylates Ser19 of myosin light chain (MLC20), promoting actin-myosin cross-bridge cycling.… (More)
Platelets play a central role in atherothrombosis and subsequent development of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The understanding of this process has driven a large body of evidence demonstrating the mortality and morbidity benefits of antiplatelet agents in the ACS population. As expected, however, these agents come with an intrinsically increased risk of… (More)
Objective The aim of this study was to assess whether arterial stiffness increases in the second decade of life.