Scott R. Johnstone

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether S-nitrosylation of connexins (Cxs) modulates gap junction communication between endothelium and smooth muscle. METHODS AND RESULTS Heterocellular communication is essential for endothelium control of smooth muscle constriction; however, the exact mechanism governing this action remains unknown. Cxs and NO have been(More)
The complete primary structure of the core protein of rat NG2, a large, chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan expressed on O2A progenitor cells, has been determined from cDNA clones. These cDNAs hybridize to an mRNA species of 8.9 kbp from rat neural cell lines. The total contiguous cDNA spans 8,071 nucleotides and contains an open reading frame for 2,325 amino(More)
Posttranslational modification is a common cellular process that is used by cells to ensure a particular protein function. This can happen in a variety of ways, e.g., from the addition of phosphates or sugar residues to a particular amino acid, ensuring proper protein life cycle and function. In this review, we assess the evidence for ubiquitination,(More)
Models of unregulated nitric oxide (NO) diffusion do not consistently account for the biochemistry of NO synthase (NOS)-dependent signalling in many cell systems. For example, endothelial NOS controls blood pressure, blood flow and oxygen delivery through its effect on vascular smooth muscle tone, but the regulation of these processes is not adequately(More)
In non-neuronal cultures of cells dissociated from postnatal rat cerebellum astrocytes, identified by the presence of the marker protein glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), displayed two distinct morphological forms. One class was stellate in shape with radially distributed fine processes, while the other class was more varied in shape being polygonal(More)
A study was undertaken to correlate the morphology expressed by astroglial cells in post-natal cerebellar, interneuron-enriched primary cultures, and the ability of these cells to accumulate putative neurotransmitter amino acids. Astroglial cell morphology, as studied by GFAP immunofluorescence staining showed considerable changes during the culture period(More)
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) causes a range of cancers including cervical and head and neck cancers. HPV E6 oncoprotein binds the cell polarity regulator hDlg (human homologue of Drosophila Discs Large). Previously we showed in vitro, and now in vivo, that hDlg also binds Connexin 43 (Cx43), a major component of gap junctions that mediate(More)
AIM Studies of the descriptions of pain by children have neglected their linguistic development, therefore estimates of dental pain in children may not be accurate. This study sought (1) to identify words chosen by children to describe dental pain and (2) to establish the effect of linguistic development on that description. SAMPLE Seventy-eight(More)
Expression of the D1.1 ganglioside was studied immunohistochemically in developing cerebella from normal and weaver mutant mice. In the normal cerebellum at postnatal day 7 (P7), D1.1 expression was restricted to the external granule-cell layer (EGL). At later ages, D1.1 disappeared as the developing granule neurons ceased mitosis and began migrating toward(More)