Scott R. Gibbs

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Spasmodic dysphonia is a focal laryngeal dystonia. Laryngeal dystonia presents as: adductor spasmodic dysphonia with the characteristic strain-strangle voice; abductor spasmodic dysphonia with hypophonia and breathy breaks in connected speech; and adductor respiratory dystonia with paradoxical vocal fold motion and intermittent stridor. Current treatment(More)
Laryngotracheal trauma is a rare condition that accounts for less than 1% of blunt trauma. Laryngotracheal fractures are uncommon in sports, even in settings where athletes are more vulnerable, including football, basketball, and hockey. If a laryngeal injury is suspected, immediate evaluation is required to avoid a delay in the diagnosis of a potentially(More)
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