Scott P. Novak

Cristie Glasheen2
Alex H. Kral2
Eric O. Johnson1
2Cristie Glasheen
2Alex H. Kral
1Eric O. Johnson
1Peggy R Barker
1Nathaniel F Rodman
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BACKGROUND Emerging evidence suggests that nonmedical use (NMU) of prescription attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications is rising, but many previous investigations have used clinical or regionally based samples or limited their investigations to stimulants rather than to medications specifically used to treat ADHD. Using an(More)
Spatial analyses of HIV/AIDS related outcomes are growing in popularity as a tool to understand geographic changes in the epidemic and inform the effectiveness of community-based prevention and treatment programs. The Urban Health Study was a serial, cross-sectional epidemiological study of injection drug users (IDUs) in San Francisco between 1987 and 2005(More)
A psychometric analysis was conducted to reduce the number of items needed to assess the disability associated with mental disorders using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS). The WHODAS was to be used in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), beginning(More)
BACKGROUND We undertook this investigation to understand the effect of using a computer in a primary care setting on attitudes toward using computers to improve health services delivery. METHODS In this analysis, we compared the acceptability data from the group of primary care patients from 10 community-based practices who did not use a computer program,(More)
BACKGROUND The primary aim of this work was to present the prevalence data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), a representative 3-year longitudinal survey (ages 18+ years) that captured information on patterns of self-reported pain interference and prescription pain reliever misuse. A second aim was to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) refers to the self-treatment of a medical condition using medication without a prescriber's authorization as well as use to achieve euphoric states. This article reports data from a cross-national investigation of NMPDU in five European Countries, with the aim to understand the prevalence and(More)
Fifty percent of variability in HIV-1 susceptibility is attributable to host genetics. Thus identifying genetic associations is essential to understanding pathogenesis of HIV-1 and important for targeting drug development. To date, however, CCR5 remains the only gene conclusively associated with HIV acquisition. To identify novel host genetic determinants(More)
BACKGROUND South Africa has 6.4 million adults over the age of 15 living with HIV. Gender inequality issues continue to drive the HIV epidemic in South Africa, where Black African women bear the greatest HIV burden. Limited access to services; little capacity to negotiate sex and condom use; and other legal, social, and economic inequities make women highly(More)
In this article, we tested a series of Item Response Theory (IRT) models to examine the individual and neighborhood variation in perceived risk along dimensions of substance use (alcohol, marijuana, and hard drugs) and usage patterns (light/experimental use, moderate use, heavy/regular use). Data were gathered from 2266 adolescents aged 9, 12, and 15(More)
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