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Adaptive versus non‐adaptive phenotypic plasticity and the potential for contemporary adaptation in new environments
It is concluded that adaptive plasticity that places populations close enough to a new phenotypic optimum for directional selection to act is the only Plasticity that predictably enhances fitness and is most likely to facilitate adaptive evolution on ecological time-scales in new environments.
Evolutionary responses of natives to introduced species: what do introductions tell us about natural communities?
The evidence for evolutionary responses of native species to novel community members is reviewed and how the effects of introduced species may differ from those caused by natural range expansions ofnative species is discussed.
Don't judge species on their origins
Conservationists should assess organisms on environmental impact rather than on whether they are natives, argue Mark Davis and 18 other ecologists.
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning
Species diversity is a major determinant of ecosystem productivity, stability, invasibility, and nutrient dynamics. Hundreds of studies spanning terrestrial, aquatic, and marine ecosystems show that…
Evolutionary principles and their practical application
- A. Hendry, M. Kinnison, +13 authors Scott P Carroll
- Biology, MedicineEvolutionary applications
- 1 March 2011
This work explores several key evolutionary principles under four main themes: variation, selection, connectivity, and eco‐evolutionary dynamics and illustrates their use in addressing applied problems.
Evolution on ecological time‐scales
Findings counter the long-standing assumption that ecological and evolutionary processes occur on different time-scales, and thus that the study of ecological processes can safely assume evolutionary stasis and provide new opportunities for integrative approaches to pressing questions in many fields of biology.
HOST RACE RADIATION IN THE SOAPBERRY BUG: NATURAL HISTORY WITH THE HISTORY
- Scott P Carroll, Christine N. Boyd
- Biology, MedicineEvolution; international journal of organic…
- 1 August 1992
In this century, populations of this native seed‐eating insect have colonized three plant species introduced to North America, providing an unplanned experiment in natural selection of the insect's beak length.
PMD, a Registered Botanical Mosquito Repellent with Deet-Like Efficacy
The origin and development of PMD as a repellent and a comprehensive review of its performance against Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, and Ochlerotatus are described and original data from field and laboratory studies involving large numbers of subjects are presented.
Rapidly evolving adaptations to host ecology and nutrition in the soapberry bug
Results indicate that increased performance on the alien host has evolved with surprising speed and magnitude, with concomitant reductions in performance onThe original host, and show that the population differences are evolved rather than host-induced.
And the beak shall inherit - evolution in response to invasion.
- Scott P Carroll, J. Loye, H. Dingle, M. Mathieson, T. Famula, M. Zalucki
- Medicine, BiologyEcology letters
- 1 September 2005
It is reported that native taxa in colonized regions may swiftly evolve to exploit such emancipated exotic species because of selection caused by invaders, and a native biota that initially permits invasion may rapidly respond in ways that ultimately facilitate control.